UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Finland     [144]
(Independent in 1917 )
LAND AREA: 337113 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 5125000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 15 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 0%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 12%
  URBAN POP: 63% (1994), versus 38% (1960), Annual Growth: 1.0%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 76.3 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 99.0%
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.940
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$96.0 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 1.1%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 1.5%
  GDP/Capita: $17579  GDP/Capita PPP: $17417
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $7351, 1970 $11221, 1980 $15068, 1990 $19582
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 20029,000 ha, 65.8% of land area, 3.9 ha/capita
  ARABLE LAND: 7.6% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 22.1,000 cu.m/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Finland
Aland (Finland - Aland)
Raippaluoto (Finland)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98