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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Iceland     [51]
(Independent in 1944 from Denmark)
LAND AREA: 102846 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 271000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 3 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 21%
  URBAN POP: 91% (1994), versus 80% (1960), Annual Growth: 1.2%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 79.1 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 99.0%
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.942
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$7.0 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.0%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 1.2%
  GDP/Capita: $20927  GDP/Capita PPP: $20566
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $6624, 1970 $7419, 1980 $18214, 1990 $21450
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 11,000 ha, 0.1% of land area, 0.0 ha/capita
  ARABLE LAND: 0.1% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 624.5,000 cu.m/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Iceland
Iceland (Iceland)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98