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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Tunisia     [87]
(Independent in 1956 from France)
LAND AREA: 164149 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 9092000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 55 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 28%
  URBAN POP: 57% (1994), versus 36% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.7%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 68.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 65.2%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 41 per/1000 (1994), versus 159 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.748
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$15.9 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 3.8%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 1.2%
  GDP/Capita: $1428  GDP/Capita PPP: $5319
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $716, 1980 $1172, 1990 $1315
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $69 million  ODA%GNP: 0.4%
  ODA/Capita: $8
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 555,000 ha, 3.6% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 354,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 18.3% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 743 kw-hr/capita, versus 155 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 12% (1993), versus 25% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 0.4,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 10 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 22%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 35%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Tunisia
Chergui (Tunisia)
Gharbi (Tunisia)
Jerba (Tunisia)
La Galite (Tunisia)
Zembra (Tunisia)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98