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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Turkey     [88]
(Independent )
LAND AREA: 766640 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 62697000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 82 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 53%
  URBAN POP: 67% (1994), versus 30% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.7%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 68.2 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 81.6%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 44 per/1000 (1994), versus 190 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.772
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$149.0 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 5.5%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 2.4%
  GDP/Capita: $1754  GDP/Capita PPP: $5193
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $753, 1970 $999, 1980 $1293, 1990 $1738
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $303 million  ODA%GNP: 0.2%
  ODA/Capita: $5
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 8856,000 ha, 11.5% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  ARABLE LAND: 31.4% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1280 kw-hr/capita, versus 247 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 5% (1993), versus 27% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 3.1,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 6 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Turkey
Gokceada (Turkey)
Marmara (Turkey)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98