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ISLAND DIRECTORY

China     [99]
(Independent )
LAND AREA: 9600000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 1232083000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 128 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 72%
  URBAN POP: 29% (1994), versus 19% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.8%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 68.9 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 80.9%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 43 per/1000 (1994), versus 150 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.626
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$630.2 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 9.6%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 8.2%
  GDP/Capita: $435  GDP/Capita PPP: $2604
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $75, 1970 $89, 1980 $134, 1990 $269
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $3521 million  ODA%GNP: 0.7%
  ODA/Capita: $3
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 133323,000 ha, 14.3% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 99523,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 9.6% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 780 kw-hr/capita, versus 132 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 6% (1993), versus 11% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 2.3,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 10 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 107%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 168%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of China
Chongming Dao (China - Shanghai)
Donghai Dao (China - Guangdong Province)
Dongshan Dao (China - Fujian Province)
Hainan Dao (China - Guangdong - Hainan Island)
Nan'ao Dao (China - Guangdong Province)
Pingtan Dao (China - Fujian Province)
Shangchuan Dao (China - Guangdong Province)
Xiachuan Dao (China - Guangdong Province)
Yueqing Wan (China - Zhejiang Province)
Zhoushan Dao (China - Zhejiang Province)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98