UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Bangladesh     [97]
(Independent from Pakistan)
LAND AREA: 143998 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 120073000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 834 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 0%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 65%
  URBAN POP: 18% (1994), versus 5% (1960), Annual Growth: 5.4%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 56.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 37.3%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 85 per/1000 (1994), versus 156 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.368
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$26.6 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 4.5%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 2.1%
  GDP/Capita: $196  GDP/Capita PPP: $1331
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $146, 1970 $162, 1980 $142, 1990 $183
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $1269 million  ODA%GNP: 4.8%
  ODA/Capita: $11
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 1010,000 ha, 7.8% of land area, 0.0 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 700,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 65.6% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 85 kw-hr/capita
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 47% (1993), versus 78% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 19.6,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 7 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 4%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 115%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Bangladesh


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Page last updated: 02/03/98