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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Myanmar [Burma]     [33]
(Independent in 1948 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 678030 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 1 10 4 2 0 100 117
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 45922000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 68 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 73%
  URBAN POP: 26% (1994), versus 19% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.7%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 58.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 82.7%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 86 per/1000 (1994), versus 158 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.475
ECONOMY, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.1%
  GDP/Capita: $268  GDP/Capita PPP: $1051
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $195, 1970 $204, 1980 $260, 1990 $238
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $152 million  ODA%GNP: 0.2%
  ODA/Capita: $3
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 27151,000 ha, 41.3% of land area, 0.6 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 26875,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 14.2% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 77 kw-hr/capita, versus 22 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 73% (1993), versus 76% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 23.3,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 15 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 5%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 37%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Myanmar [Burma]
Bentinck (Myanmar [Burma])
Bilugyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Cheduba (Myanmar [Burma])
Daung Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Great Coco (Myanmar [Burma])
Kadan Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Kadetkyi Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Kanmaw Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Lanbi Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Letsok-aw Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Little Coco (Myanmar [Burma])
Mali Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Preparis (Myanmar [Burma])
Ramree (Myanmar [Burma])
Saganthit Kyun (Myanmar [Burma])
Table (Myanmar [Burma])
Thayawthadangyi (Myanmar [Burma])


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Page last updated: 02/03/98