UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Korea, Republic of (South)     [58]
(Independent in 1948 from Japan)
LAND AREA: 98445 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 45545000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 463 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 18%
  URBAN POP: 80% (1994), versus 28% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.3%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 71.5 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 97.9%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 10 per/1000 (1994), versus 85 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.890
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$366.5 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 8.7%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 8.2%
  GDP/Capita: $5210  GDP/Capita PPP: $10656
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $520, 1970 $967, 1980 $1953, 1990 $4132
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $58 million
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 7626,000 ha, 77.2% of land area, 0.2 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 6226,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 19.0% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 4174 kw-hr/capita, versus 298 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 1% (1993), versus 16% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 1.5,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 59 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 35%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 12%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Korea, Republic of (South)
Cheju do (Korea, Republic of)
Chin do (Korea, Republic of)
Koje do (Korea, Republic of)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98