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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Thailand     [85]
(Independent )
LAND AREA: 513115 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 60003000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 117 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 64%
  URBAN POP: 20% (1994), versus 13% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.8%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 69.5 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 93.5%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 29 per/1000 (1994), versus 103 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.833
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$129.9 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 7.9%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 6.4%
  GDP/Capita: $1703  GDP/Capita PPP: $7104
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $300, 1970 $487, 1980 $718, 1990 $1299
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $863 million  ODA%GNP: 0.6%
  ODA/Capita: $15
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 11630,000 ha, 22.8% of land area, 0.2 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 11101,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 34.3% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1294 kw-hr/capita, versus 124 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 24% (1993), versus 49% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 3.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 25 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 33%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 52%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Thailand
Chang, Ko (Thailand)
Kut, Ko (Thailand)
Lanta, Ko (Thailand)
Phangan, Ko (Thailand)
Phra Thong, Ko (Thailand)
Phuket, Ko (Thailand)
Samui, Ko (Thailand)
Terutao, Ko (Thailand)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98