UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Vietnam     [93]
(Independent in 1945 from France)
LAND AREA: 329707 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 75181000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 228 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 71%
  URBAN POP: 21% (1994), versus 15% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.5%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 66.0 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 93.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 41 per/1000 (1994), versus 147 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.557
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$13.8 billion
  GDP/Capita: $760  GDP/Capita PPP: $1208
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $0, 1980 $0, 1990 $606
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $826 million  ODA%GNP: 5.3%
  ODA/Capita: $0
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 9117,000 ha, 28.0% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 7647,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 16.6% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 165 kw-hr/capita, versus 70 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 44% (1993), versus 33% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 5.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 14 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 28%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 65%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Vietnam
Cac Ba (Vietnam)
Ke Bao (Vietnam)
Lincoln (China/Vietnam)
Money (China/Vietnam)
Pottle (China/Vietnam)
Quan Phu Quoc (Vietnam)
Tree (China/Vietnam)
West Sand (China/Vietnam)
Woody (China/Vietnam)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98