UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Malaysia     [61]
(Independent United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 329749 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 20565000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 62 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 27%
  URBAN POP: 53% (1994), versus 27% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.6%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 71.2 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 83.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 12 per/1000 (1994), versus 72 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.832
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$68.7 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 6.4%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 3.5%
  GDP/Capita: $2905  GDP/Capita PPP: $8865
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $708, 1970 $995, 1980 $1678, 1990 $2335
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $114 million  ODA%GNP: 0.2%
  ODA/Capita: $6
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 15471,000 ha, 47.1% of land area, 0.8 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 15371,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 3.2% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 2032 kw-hr/capita, versus 338 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 8% (1993), versus 22% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 22.6,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 25 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Malaysia
Banggi (Malaysia - Sabah)
Betruit (Malaysia - Sarawak)
Langkawi (Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia)
Pinang (Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia)
Sebatik (Malaysia/Indonesia)
Timbun Mata (Malaysia - Sabah)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98