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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Papua New Guinea     [8]
(Independent since 1975 from Australia)
LAND AREA: 462243 sq. km     SEA AREA: 3120000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
2 0 6 14 0 1 2 126 151
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 4400000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 10 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 79%
  URBAN POP: 16% (1994), versus 3% (1960), Annual Growth: 4.0%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 56.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 71.2%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 68 per/1000 (1994), versus 165 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.525
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$6.9 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.5%
  GDP/Capita: $1124  GDP/Capita PPP: $2821
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $570, 1970 $877, 1980 $881, 1990 $802
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $372 million  ODA%GNP: 7.4%
  ODA/Capita: $88
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 36939,000 ha, 81.6% of land area, 8.6 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 36909,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 0.1% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 426 kw-hr/capita, versus 77 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 64% (1993), versus 70% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 186.2,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 22 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Office of Environment and Conservation, Ministry of Environment.
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:
Melanesian Environment Foundation
REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Papua New Guinea
Ambitle (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Basilaki (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Boang (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Bougainville (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Buka (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Dyaul (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Fergusson (Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.)
Goodenough (Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.)
Karkar (Papua New Guinea)
Kiriwina (Papua New Guinea - Trobriand Islands)
Kiwai (Papua New Guinea)
Lavongai (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Lihir (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Long (Papua New Guinea)
Luf (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Malendok (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Manam (Papua New Guinea)
Manus (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Misima (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Mussau (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Muyua (Papua New Guinea - Trobriand Islands)
New Britain (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
New Ireland (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Ninigo (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Nissan (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Normanby (Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.)
Nukumanu (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Pana Tinai (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Purutu (Papua New Guinea)
Rossel (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Sideia (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Simberi (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Sudest (Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago)
Tabar (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Takuu (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Tatau (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Tulun (Papua New Guinea - Bougainville)
Umboi (Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago)
Wabuda (Papua New Guinea)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98