UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Australia     [13]
(Independent in 1901 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 7682300 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
1 0 6 15 2 1 3 9 37
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 18289000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 2 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 10%
  URBAN POP: 85% (1994), versus 81% (1960), Annual Growth: 1.2%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 78.1 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 99.0%
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.931
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$321.0 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.7%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 1.6%
  GDP/Capita: $14245  GDP/Capita PPP: $19285
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $6989, 1970 $9651, 1980 $11453, 1990 $13235
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 40908,000 ha, 5.4% of land area, 2.3 ha/capita
  ARABLE LAND: 6.0% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 19.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Conservation and Environment Assessment Division, Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories, GPO Box 787, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia; Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service; Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Queensland, Australia; responsibilities are divided between the above federal authorities and various bodies at the state level.
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Australia
Ashmore (Australia - Ashmore & Cartier Islands)
Badu (Australia - Queensland)
Barrow (Australia - Western Australia)
Bathurst (Australia - Northern Territory)
Bentinck (Australia - Northern Territory)
Bickerton (Australia - Northern Territory)
Boigu (Australia - Queensland)
Bruny (Australia - Tasmania)
Cape Barren (Australia - Tasmania)
Cartier (Australia - Ashmore & Cartier Islands)
Centre (Australia - Northern Territory)
Christmas (Australia - Christmas Island)
Cocos (Australia - Cocos (Keeling) Islands)
Croker (Australia - Northern Territory)
Curtis (Australia - Queensland)
Dirk Hartog (Australia - Western Australia)
Drysdale (Australia - Northern Territory)
Elcho (Australia - Northern Territory)
Flinders (Australia - Tasmania)
Fraser (Australia - Queensland)
French (Australia - Victoria)
Groote Eylandt (Australia - Northern Territory)
Guluwuru (Australia - Northern Territory)
Heard (Australia - Heard and MacDonald Islands)
Hinchinbrook (Australia - Queensland)
Horn (Australia - Queensland)
Howard (Australia - Northern Territory)
Inglis (Australia - Northern Territory)
Kangaroo (Australia - South Australia)
King (Australia - Tasmania)
Lord Howe (Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Island)
MacDonald (Australia - Heard and MacDonald)
Macquarie (Australia - Tasmania - Macquarie Island)
Marchinbar (Australia - Northern Territory)
Melville (Australia - Northern Territory)
Milingimbi (Australia - Northern Territory)
Moa (Australia - Queensland)
Mornington (Australia - Northern Territory)
Norfolk (Australia - Norfolk Island)
North (Australia - Northern Territory)
Phillip (Australia - Norfolk Island)
Prince of Wales (Australia - Queensland)
Raragala (Australia - Northern Territory)
Saibai (Australia - Queensland)
South West (Australia - Northern Territory)
Tasmania (Australia - Tasmania)
Vanderlin (Australia - Northern Territory)
West (Australia - Northern Territory)


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NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98