UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Fiji     [15]
(Independent in 1970 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 18272 sq. km     SEA AREA: 1290000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 1 1 5 30 21 11 253 322
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 797000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 44 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 46%
  URBAN POP: 40% (1994), versus 30% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.5%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 71.8 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 91.3%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 22 per/1000 (1994), versus 71 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.863
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$1.8 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 1.8%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 0.5%
  GDP/Capita: $1952  GDP/Capita PPP: $5763
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $1116, 1970 $1404, 1980 $1864, 1990 $1952
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $43 million  ODA%GNP: 2.5%
  ODA/Capita: $56
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 835,000 ha, 45.7% of land area, 1.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 757,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 9.9% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 674 kw-hr/capita, versus 304 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 52% (1993), versus 48% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 36.4,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 41 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 2%
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 8%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Environmental Management Committee, Town and Country Planning Office, Suva; National Trust for Fiji
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:
SPACHEE, University of the South Pacific, Suva
REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Fiji
Beqa (Fiji)
Cicia (Fiji)
Conway Reef (Fiji)
Dravuni (Fiji)
Fulaga (Fiji)
Gau (Fiji)
Kabara (Fiji)
Kadavu (Fiji)
Kanacea (Fiji)
Koro (Fiji)
Lakeba (Fiji)
Makogai (Fiji)
Matuku (Fiji)
Moala (Fiji)
Namena Lala (Fiji)
Naviti (Fiji)
Ogea Levu (Fiji)
Ono (Fiji)
Ono-i-Lau (Fiji)
Ovalau (Fiji)
Qamea (Fiji)
Qelelevu (Fiji)
Rabi (Fiji)
Rotuma (Fiji)
Sovu (Fiji)
Taveuni (Fiji)
Totoya (Fiji)
Vanua Balavu (Fiji)
Vanua Levu (Fiji)
Vatulele (Fiji)
Viti Levu (Fiji)
Vuaqava (Fiji)
Wailagi Lala (Fiji)
Wakaya (Fiji)
Yadua Taba (Fiji)
Yasawa (Fiji)


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NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98