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ISLAND DIRECTORY

New Caledonia (France)     [12]
(Overseas Territory of France)
LAND AREA: 19103 sq. km     SEA AREA: 1740000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 1 1 3 5 1 6 19 36
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 189000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 10 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
ECONOMY
  Income/Capita: $0
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 698,000 ha, 38.2% of land area, 3.9 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 689,000 ha
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 3250 vascular plant species, including 300 ferns, 2474 endemic species 44 species of conifers, all endemic 70-80 species of Cunoniaceae, all endemic 43 species of Proteaceae, all endemic 31 species of palms, all endemic 5 endemic families: Amborellaceae (1 sp.), Oncothecaceae (2 sp.), Paracryphiaceae (1-2 sp.), Phellineaceae (10 sp.), Strasburgeriaceae (1 sp.) a large number of primitive relict species Insects: little studied but high endemism can be expected Other invertebrates: estimated 200-400 land snails of which 153 described, entirely endemic, often with localized distributions, including: 11 fresh-water species 23 land prosobranchs 20 bulimulids 49 endodontids 24 paryphantids 19 miscellaneous endemic pulmonates there are 18 introduced land snails, including Achatina fulica and Euglandina rosa Reptiles-amphibians: 13 species of geckos including: Bavayia cyclura (Gekkonidae) group endemic genus Bavayia sauvagii (Gekkonidae) group endemic genus Eurydactylodes symmetricus (Gekkonidae) endemic genus Eurydactylodes vieillardi (Gekkonidae) endemic genus 7 species of skinks including: Anotis gracilis (Scincidae) group endemic genus Anotis mariae (Scincidae) group endemic genus Anotis slevini (Scincidae) group endemic genus Eugongylus garnieri (Scincidae) group endemic, known by 3 specimens Birds: 1 endemic family, 4 endemic genera Drepanoptila holosericea (Cloven-feathered Dove, Pigeon Vert) monospecific genus, group endemic, New Caledonia and Isle of Pines, Vulnerable (RDB) Eunymphicus cornutus (Horned Parakeet) group endemic monospecific genus, subspecies on New Caledonia and Ouvea. Eopsaltria flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Robin) group endemic, New Caledonia and Isle of Pines Pachcephala caledonica (New Caledonian Whistler) group endemic, New Caledonia and Isle of Pines Erythrura psittacea (Red-throated Parrot-Finch) group endemic, New Caledonia and Isle of Pines Zosterops xanthocroa (New Caledonia White-eye) group endemic, New Caledonia, Mare? and Isle of Pines Mammals: Dugong dugon (Dugong) Vulnerable (RDB) Marine life: 252 species of marine algae, including at least 8 endemics
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Mining and forestry pollution prevention committee
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:
Arrete No. 85-174/CM of 17/4/85 Comite de prevention des pollutions en matieres miniere et forestiere; Deliberation No. 14 of 21/6/85 relative aux installations classees pour la protection de l'environnement; Deliberation No. 110 of 24/7/85 demandes d'autorisation d'usines hydrauliques
ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:
Association pour la sauvegarde de la nature neo-caledonienne
REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of New Caledonia (France)
Art (France - New Caledonia)
Balabio (France - New Caledonia)
Chesterfield (France - New Caledonia)
D'Entrecasteaux Reefs (France - New Caledonia)
Isle of Pines (France - New Caledonia)
Lifou (France - New Caledonia - Loyalty Islands)
Mare (France - New Caledonia - Loyalty Islands)
New Caledonia (France - New Caledonia)
Ouen (France - New Caledonia)
Ouvea (France - New Caledonia - Loyalty Islands)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98