UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Solomon Islands     [11]
(Independent in 1978 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 27556 sq. km     SEA AREA: 1340000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 6 14 6 2 0 110 138
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 391000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 14 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 4%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 33%
  URBAN POP: 17% (1994), versus 9% (1960), Annual Growth: 6.4%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 70.8 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 62.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 25 per/1000 (1994), versus 120 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.556
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$0.3 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 6.6%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 2.6%
  GDP/Capita: $623  GDP/Capita PPP: $2118
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $404, 1980 $434, 1990 $585
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $47 million  ODA%GNP: 15.1%
  ODA/Capita: $127
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 2389,000 ha, 85.4% of land area, 6.3 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 2371,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 1.4% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: ca. 400 fern species and 1,750 flowering plants; endemism low, only 3 endemic genera. estimated 230 orchids, likely to double with further field work Insects: 130 species of butterflies, of which 35 occur only in Solomon Islands and 54 are shared with Papua New Guinea. Graphium meeki (butterfly) Choiseul, Santa Isabel & Bougainville, Rare (RDB) Graphium mendana (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Papilio toboroi (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Other invertebrates: high generic endemicity of land snails 15 species of Papuina (Camaenidae) 8 species of Partulidae Reptiles-amphibians: 72 species, including 8 endemic species and 1 endemic genus Corucia zebrata (Scincidae) endemic to Solomon Islands and Bougainville Sphenomorphus bignelli (Scincidae) group endemic, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Nggela, Russell Islands? Crocodylus porosus (Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile) Endangered Loveridgelaps elapoides, monospecific genus, group endemic, Gizo, Nggela, Guadalcanal, Santa Isabel, Malaita, very rare, Insufficiently Known. Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) monospecific genus, endemic to Bougainville, Buka and Solomon Islands Birds: 126 species, including 40 endemics (32%) Gallicolumba salamonis (San Cristobal or Thick-billed Ground Dove) group endemic, San Cristobal group, rain forest, Rare. Mammals: Uromys (Giant Rats) 3 endemic species Dugong dugon (Dugong) Vulnerable (RDB) Marine life: 87 hard corals in 33 genera
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 82 kw-hr/capita, versus 55 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 62% (1993), versus 61% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 118.3,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 56 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 36%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Solomon Islands
Arnavon (Solomon Islands)
Choiseul (Solomon Islands)
East Florida (Solomon Islands)
Ghizo (Solomon Islands)
Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands)
Kolombangara (Solomon Islands)
Malaita (Solomon Islands)
Maramasike (Solomon Islands)
Nendo (Solomon Islands)
New Georgia (Solomon Islands)
Nggatokae (Solomon Islands)
Nggela (Solomon Islands)
Ontong Java (Solomon Islands)
Pavuvu (Solomon Islands)
Ranongga (Solomon Islands)
Rendova (Solomon Islands)
Rennell (Solomon Islands)
San Cristobal (Solomon Islands)
San Jorge (Solomon Islands)
Santa Isabel (Solomon Islands)
Savo (Solomon Islands)
Shortland (Solomon Islands)
Tetepare (Solomon Islands)
Tinakula (Solomon Islands)
Ulawa (Solomon Islands)
Utupua (Solomon Islands)
Vanguna (Solomon Islands)
Vanikolo (Solomon Islands)
Vella Lavella (Solomon Islands)
West Florida (Solomon Islands)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98