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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Palau     [4]
(Independent in 1994 from United States UN trusteeship)
LAND AREA: 494 sq. km     SEA AREA: 629000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 1 3 15 12 0 31
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 17000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 34 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 0%/year
ECONOMY
  Income/Capita: $0
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: rich flora, many endemics including: Gulubia palauensis (Rock Island Palm) group endemic Ptychosperma palauensis (Belau Palm) group endemic Insects: 2 butterflies Other invertebrates: Videna spp. (Trochomorphidae, land snails), remarkable species radiation. 3 Partulidae (tree snails) Reptiles-amphibians: endemic species of ranid frog Aulacoplax leptosoma (Scincidae, Pandanus Skink) monospecific genus, group endemic Crocodylus porosus (Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile), Endangered Eretmochelys imbricata (Hawksbill Turtle) common Dermochelys coriacea (Leatherback Turtle) common Birds: 149 species, 43 resident, 4 introduced (including outer islands) 31 land birds, including 8 endemics Gallicolumba canifrons (Belau Ground Dove) group endemic, endangered Ptilinopus pelewensis (Belau Fruit Dove) group endemic Pyrroglaux podargina (Belau Scops Owl) group endemic, endangered, recovering Psamathia annae (Belau Bush Warbler) group endemic Myiagra erythrops (Belau Broadbill or Mangrove Flycatcher) group endemic Rhipidura lepida (Belau Fantail) group endemic, recovering Pitohui tenebrosus (Morning Bird) group endemic Megazosterops palauensis (Belau White-eye) monospecific genus, group endemic Anas superciliosa pelewensis (Belau Grey Duck) group endemic subspecies, endangered Megapodius laperouse senex, group endemic subspecies, Rare (RDB) Caloenas nicobarica pelewensis (Belau Nicobar Pigeon) group endemic subspecies, Endangered (RDB) Erythrura trichroa pelewensis (Belau Blue-faced Parrot Finch) group endemic subspecies, Babeldaob, Ngerekebesang, Chelbacheb Islands, Indeterminate (RDB) or Rare. Artamus leucorhynchus pelewensis (Belau White-breasted Wood-swallow) group endemic subspecies, Rare (RDB). Mammals: Dugong dugon (Dugong), Vulnerable (RDB), 50 (1978) Marine life: one of the highest levels of species diversity in the Pacific Islands
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Environmental Quality Protection Board, Office of the President
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 18/02/98


Islands of Palau
Babeldaob (Palau)
Beliliou (Palau)
Chelbacheb (Palau)
Helen (Palau)
Ngcheangel (Palau)
Ngeaur (Palau)
Ngerekebesang (Palau)
Ngerukuid (Palau)
Oreor (Palau)
Sonsorol (Palau)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98