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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Comoros     [38]
(Independent in 1975 from France)
LAND AREA: 1860 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 3
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 632000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 340 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 77%
  URBAN POP: 30% (1994), versus 10% (1960), Annual Growth: 5.8%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 56.1 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 56.7%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 88 per/1000 (1994), versus 165 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.412
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$0.2 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.5%
  GDP/Capita: $437  GDP/Capita PPP: $1366
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $0, 1980 $459, 1990 $462
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $43 million  ODA%GNP: 20.4%
  ODA/Capita: $88
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 9,000 ha, 4.0% of land area, 0.0 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 9,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 35.0% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Collumba polleni (Comoros Pigeon) group endemic
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 27 kw-hr/capita, versus 7 kw-hr/cap (1970)
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:
Decret No. 79-019 (9 April 1979) prohibiting the capture of sea turtles in Comoros territorial waters and also in nearby international waters
ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Comoros
Anjouan (Comoros)
Grande Comore (Comoros)
Moheli (Comoros)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98