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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Seychelles     [9]
(Independent in 1976 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 444 sq. km     SEA AREA: 1374000 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 91 92
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 76000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 171 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 19%
  URBAN POP: 54% (1994), versus 25% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.4%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 72.0 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 88.0%
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.845
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$0.5 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 3.9%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 3.4%
  GDP/Capita: $4974  GDP/Capita PPP: $7891
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $1803, 1970 $2044, 1980 $3536, 1990 $4400
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $13 million  ODA%GNP: 2.8%
  ODA/Capita: $186
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 4,000 ha, 8.9% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 3,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 2.2% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 2000 species, including 80 endemic Birds: 15 land birds
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1726 kw-hr/capita, versus 135 kw-hr/cap (1970)
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Division of Environment, moved to President's Office, June 1989; Seychelles National Environment Commission, chaired by the Minister for Planning and External Relations
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:
Breadfruit and Other Trees Protection Act, 1917, amended 1988; Town and Country Planning Act, 1972 (Cap 160); Bird's Eggs Act, 1933; Public Health Act, 1960; National Parks and Nature Conservancy Act, 1969; Beach Control Act, 1971 Coco de Mer (Management) Decree, 1978; Removal of Sand and Gravel Act, 1982; Fisheries Act, 1986; Environment Protection Act, 1988. Party to CITES.
ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:
Seychelles Island Foundation, s/o State House, Mah
REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Seychelles
Aldabra (Seychelles)
Aride (Seychelles)
Bird (Seychelles)
Cousin (Seychelles)
Curieuse (Seychelles)
Denis (Seychelles)
Frigate (Seychelles)
La Digue (Seychelles)
Mahe (Seychelles)
Mamelle (Seychelles)
Praslin (Seychelles)
Recif (Seychelles)
Silhouette (Seychelles)
St Anne (Seychelles)
The Brisans (Seychelles)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98