UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Sri Lanka (Ceylon)     [81]
(Independent in 1948 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 65610 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 18300000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 279 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 48%
  URBAN POP: 22% (1994), versus 18% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.7%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 72.2 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 90.1%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 16 per/1000 (1994), versus 71 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.711
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$11.6 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 4.6%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 2.7%
  GDP/Capita: $522  GDP/Capita PPP: $3277
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $204, 1970 $252, 1980 $332, 1990 $440
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $553 million  ODA%GNP: 48.0%
  ODA/Capita: $31
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 1796,000 ha, 27.8% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 1657,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 14.2% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 242 kw-hr/capita, versus 65 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 53% (1993), versus 58% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 2.4,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 11 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 4%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
Delft (Sri Lanka)
Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka)
Velanai (Sri Lanka)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98