UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Ethiopia     [45]
(Independent )
LAND AREA: 1023050 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 58506000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 57 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 86%
  URBAN POP: 13% (1994), versus 6% (1960), Annual Growth: 5.2%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 48.2 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 34.5%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 115 per/1000 (1994), versus 187 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.244
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$6.9 billion
  GDP/Capita: $153  GDP/Capita PPP: $427
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $0, 1980 $0, 1990 $165
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $876 million  ODA%GNP: 18.7%
  ODA/Capita: $16
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 13579,000 ha, 13.6% of land area, 0.2 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 13439,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 10.9% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 24 kw-hr/capita, versus 21 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 90% (1993), versus 91% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 2.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Ethiopia
Dehalak Deset (Ethiopia)
Nahaleg (Ethiopia)
Nora (Ethiopia)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98