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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Kenya     [149]
(Independent in 1963 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 582646 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 31806000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 55 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 4%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 80%
  URBAN POP: 27% (1994), versus 7% (1960), Annual Growth: 6.0%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 53.6 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 77.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 70 per/1000 (1994), versus 124 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.463
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$6.6 billion,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 0.3%
  GDP/Capita: $372  GDP/Capita PPP: $1404
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $218, 1970 $246, 1980 $372, 1990 $395
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $707 million  ODA%GNP: 3.9%
  ODA/Capita: $42
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 1292,000 ha, 2.3% of land area, 0.0 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 1174,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 6.9% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 139 kw-hr/capita, versus 74 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 79% (1993), versus 80% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 1.1,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 7 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 107%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Kenya
Lamu (Kenya)
Manda (Kenya)
Pate (Kenya)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98