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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Mozambique     [151]
(Independent in 1975 from Portugal)
LAND AREA: 789800 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 17796000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 23 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 83%
  URBAN POP: 33% (1994), versus 4% (1960), Annual Growth: 7.4%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 46.0 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 39.5%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 116 per/1000 (1994), versus 190 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.281
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$1.3 billion
  GDP/Capita: $133  GDP/Capita PPP: $986
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $0, 1980 $129, 1990 $111
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $1102 million  ODA%GNP: 90.4%
  ODA/Capita: $66
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 16862,000 ha, 21.5% of land area, 1.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 16834,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 3.7% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 52 kw-hr/capita, versus 68 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 91% (1993), versus 71% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 13.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 3 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Mozambique
Bazaruto, I. do (Mozambique)
Inhaca (Mozambique)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98