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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Sao Tome and Principe     [76]
(Independent in 1975 from Portugal)
LAND AREA: 963 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 135000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 140 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 70%
  URBAN POP: 46% (1994), versus 16% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.6%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 67.0 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 67.0%
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.534
ECONOMY
  GDP/Capita: $486  GDP/Capita PPP: $1704
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $0, 1970 $517, 1980 $712, 1990 $496
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $78 million  ODA%GNP: 339.1%
  ODA/Capita: $600
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 56,000 ha, 73.7% of land area, 0.4 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 56,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 2.1% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 123 kw-hr/capita, versus 95 kw-hr/cap (1970)
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:
Legislation to protect montane forests, licences required for tree cutting
ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Sao Tome and Principe
Principe (Sao Tome and Principe)
Sao Tome (Sao Tome and Principe)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98