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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Sierra Leone     [78]
(Independent in 1961 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 72325 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 4297000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 59 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 67%
  URBAN POP: 35% (1994), versus 13% (1960), Annual Growth: 4.6%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 33.6 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 30.3%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 200 per/1000 (1994), versus 219 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.176
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$0.7 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 0.6%
  GDP/Capita: $145  GDP/Capita PPP: $643
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $119, 1970 $164, 1980 $159, 1990 $147
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $205 million  ODA%GNP: 27.7%
  ODA/Capita: $45
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 1309,000 ha, 18.3% of land area, 0.3 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 1303,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 6.8% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 54 kw-hr/capita, versus 73 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 83% (1993), versus 64% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 35.5,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 13 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 35%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Sierra Leone


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Page last updated: 02/03/98