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ISLAND DIRECTORY

South Africa     [133]
(Independent from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 1184825 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 42393000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 36 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 0%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 14%
  URBAN POP: 50% (1994), versus 47% (1960), Annual Growth: 3.1%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 63.7 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 81.4%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 51 per/1000 (1994), versus 89 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.716
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$125.2 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 1.1%
  GDP/Capita: $2141  GDP/Capita PPP: $4291
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $1808, 1970 $2396, 1980 $2561, 1990 $2286
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $384 million
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 8499,000 ha, 7.0% of land area, 0.2 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 7204,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 10.3% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 3913 kw-hr/capita
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 4% (1993), versus 99% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 1.2,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 10 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 10%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of South Africa
Marion (South Africa - Prince Edward Islands)
Prince Edward (South Africa - Prince Edward Islands)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98