UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Haiti     [50]
(Independent in 1804 from France)
LAND AREA: 27750 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 7336000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 264 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 68%
  URBAN POP: 31% (1994), versus 16% (1960), Annual Growth: 4.1%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 54.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 44.1%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 87 per/1000 (1994), versus 182 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.338
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$1.5 billion
  GDP/Capita: $226  GDP/Capita PPP: $896
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $386, 1970 $333, 1980 $428, 1990 $339
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $733 million  ODA%GNP: 45.5%
  ODA/Capita: $104
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 21,000 ha, 0.8% of land area, 0.0 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 13,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 20.2% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 51 kw-hr/capita, versus 28 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 86% (1993), versus 88% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 1.5,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 4 kg/cap/year, CHANGE SINCE 1980-82: 12%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Haiti
Gonave, Ile de la (Haiti)
Hispaniola (Haiti/Dominican Republic)
Tortue (Haiti)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98