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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Jamaica     [56]
(Independent in 1962 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 10991 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 2491000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 227 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 25%
  URBAN POP: 53% (1994), versus 34% (1960), Annual Growth: 1.7%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 73.9 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 84.4%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 13 per/1000 (1994), versus 63 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.736
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$3.6 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 2.0%
  GDP/Capita: $1586  GDP/Capita PPP: $3816
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $1154, 1970 $1555, 1980 $1289, 1990 $1461
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $108 million  ODA%GNP: 2.7%
  ODA/Capita: $43
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 175,000 ha, 16.2% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 160,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 14.1% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1617 kw-hr/capita, versus 825 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 5% (1993), versus 7% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 3.4,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 16 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:
Ministry of Development Planning and Production, 11-15 Oxford Road, Kingston 5, Jamaica
ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Jamaica
Jamaica (Jamaica)
Morant Cays (Jamaica)
Pedro Cays (Jamaica)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98