UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Belize     [16]
(Independent in 1981 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 22963 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 222000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 10 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 34%
  URBAN POP: 47% (1994), versus 54% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.5%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 74.0 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 70.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 31 per/1000 (1994), versus 74 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.806
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$0.5 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 4.9%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 2.9%
  GDP/Capita: $2123  GDP/Capita PPP: $5590
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $750, 1970 $939, 1980 $1592, 1990 $1950
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $16 million  ODA%GNP: 3.0%
  ODA/Capita: $76
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 1962,000 ha, 86.1% of land area, 9.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 1960,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 2.0% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 524 kw-hr/capita, versus 192 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 49% (1993), versus 55% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 74.4,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 6 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 42%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:
Belize Audubon Society; Belize Center for Environmental Studies; Programs for Belize
REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Belize
Ambergris Cay (Belize)
Glover Reef (Belize)
Lighthouse Reef (Belize)
Turneffe (Belize)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98