UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Trinidad and Tobago     [86]
(Independent in 1962 from United Kingdom)
LAND AREA: 5128 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 1297000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 253 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 11%
  URBAN POP: 71% (1994), versus 65% (1960), Annual Growth: 1.8%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 72.9 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 97.9%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 15 per/1000 (1994), versus 56 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.880
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$4.8 billion
  GDP/Capita: $3711  GDP/Capita PPP: $9124
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $2442, 1970 $3183, 1980 $5218, 1990 $3759
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $26 million  ODA%GNP: 0.6%
  ODA/Capita: $20
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 161,000 ha, 31.4% of land area, 0.1 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 148,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 14.6% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 3079 kw-hr/capita, versus 1170 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 1% (1993), versus 4% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 3.9,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 12 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 199%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Trinidad and Tobago
Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago)
Trinidad (Trinidad and Tobago)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98