UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Brazil     [32]
(Independent in 1822 from Portugal)
LAND AREA: 8511965 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 157872000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 19 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 2%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 23%
  URBAN POP: 78% (1994), versus 45% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.4%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 66.4 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 82.7%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 45 per/1000 (1994), versus 116 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.783
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$536.3 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 1.6%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 0.3%
  GDP/Capita: $1993  GDP/Capita PPP: $5362
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $823, 1970 $1145, 1980 $2049, 1990 $1947
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $366 million  ODA%GNP: 0.1%
  ODA/Capita: $2
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 551139,000 ha, 65.2% of land area, 3.4 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 546239,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 4.9% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1837 kw-hr/capita, versus 491 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 35% (1993), versus 49% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 43.0,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 6 kg/cap/year
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Brazil
Biopeba (Brazil - Bahia State)
Fernando de Noronha (Brazil - Fernando de Noronha)
Grande (Brazil - Rio de Janeiro State)
Itaparica (Brazil - Bahia State)
Maraca, Ilha de (Brazil - Amapa Federal Territory)
Martin Vas, Ihlas (Brazil - I. da Trindade)
Rocas, Atol das (Brazil - Fernando de Noronha)
Santa Barbara, Ilha da (Brazil)
Santa Catarina, Ilha de (Brazil - Santa Catarina State)
Sao Luis, Ilha de (Brazil - Maranhao State)
Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo, Penedos de (Brazil)
Sao Sebastiao, Ilha de (Brazil - Sao Paulo State)
Tinhare (Brazil - Bahia State)
Trindade, Isla da (Brazil - I. da Trindade)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98