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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Colombia     [37]
(Independent in 1810 from Spain)
LAND AREA: 1138915 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 35626000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 31 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 1%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 27%
  URBAN POP: 72% (1994), versus 48% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.2%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 70.1 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 91.1%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 26 per/1000 (1994), versus 99 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.848
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$58.9 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 3.2%,  Annual Growth Rate GNP/Capita: 1.5%
  GDP/Capita: $1326  GDP/Capita PPP: $6107
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $639, 1970 $796, 1980 $1094, 1990 $1224
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $231 million  ODA%GNP: 3.7%
  ODA/Capita: $6
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 52988,000 ha, 51.0% of land area, 1.5 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 52862,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 3.4% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 1263 kw-hr/capita, versus 426 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 22% (1993), versus 23% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 30.5,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 2 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 260%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Colombia
Gorgona (Colombia)
Malpelo, Isla de (Colombia - Isla de Malpelo)
Providencia (Isla de) (Colombia - Colombian Islands)
San Andres (Colombia - Colombian Islands)


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Page last updated: 02/03/98