UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Venezuela     [92]
(Independent in 1821 from Spain)
LAND AREA: 912050 sq. km
NUMBER OF ISLANDS BY SIZE (sq. km):
>17,000 >10,000 >1,000 >100 >10 >1 <1 Unknown TOTAL
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DEMOGRAPHY
  POPULATION: 22311000 (1996)
  DENSITY: 24 persons/sq. km    GROWTH RATE: 3%/year
  POP AGR/FISH/MINING: 15%
  URBAN POP: 92% (1994), versus 67% (1960), Annual Growth: 2.5%
  LIFE EXPECTANCY: 72.1 years,  ADULT LITERACY: 91.0%
  INFANT MORTALITY: 22 per/1000 (1994), versus 81 (1960)
  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX: 0.861
ECONOMY
  GNP: US$59.0 billion, Annual GNP Growth Rate 1980-1993: 1.6%
  GDP/Capita: $2651  GDP/Capita PPP: $8120
  GDP/Capita: 1960 $2815, 1970 $3261, 1980 $3022, 1990 $2537
  OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE: $81 million  ODA%GNP: 0.1%
  ODA/Capita: $4
ENVIRONMENT (see also individual islands)
  TOTAL FOREST AREA: 43995,000 ha, 49.9% of land area, 2.0 ha/capita
  NATURAL FOREST AREA: 43742,000 ha
  ARABLE LAND: 3.5% of land area
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION: 3405 kw-hr/capita, versus 1237 kw-hr/cap (1970)
  TRADITIONAL FUEL CONSUMPTION: 1% (1993), versus 2% (1973)
  INTERNAL RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES: 60.3,000 cu.m/cap/year
  SEAFOOD CONSUMPTION (1990-92): 13 kg/cap/year
  CHANGE IN ANNUAL MARINE CATCH 1980-82 to 1990-92: 74%
INSTITUTIONS
GOVERNMENT ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY:

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION:

ENVIRONMENT/SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS:

REFERENCES:

Last updated 11/02/98


Islands of Venezuela
Aves (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Blanquilla (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Coche (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Cubagua (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
La Sola (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
La Tortuga (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Las Aves (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Los Frailes (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Los Hermanes (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Los Monjes (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Los Roques (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Los Testigos (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Margarita (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)
Orchila (Venezuela - Venezuelan Islands)


Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98