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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Papua New Guinea

Ambitle     [1911] - including Babase, Balum
Group: Feni Islands (Anir Islands), Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 4.08º SLong: 153.60º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Basilaki     [840]
Group: Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 10.60º SLong: 151.00º E Region: Oceania 1
Area: 100.2 sq. km   Altitude: 531 m   Shoreline: 69.1 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Boang     [1909]
Group: Tanga Islands, Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 3.42º SLong: 153.36º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Bougainville     [859]
   Group: North Solomon Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 6.20º S   Long : 155.50º E
Area: 9317.8 sq. km   Altitude: 2792 m
Shoreline: 569.4 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.0611
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 220 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 61
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Mountainous island with active volcano, significant mineral deposits (gold and copper)
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20    Marine: 5
Various lowland and montane forest types, including lowland Calophyllum kajewskii forest, and Neonauclea/Sloanea forest at 450-750 m; swamp forest in south; beach forest; mangroves; scrub and grasslands; rivers; coastal lagoons; fringing reefs.   Forest  Coral reefs,  Mangroves
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 3
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 64 13 1
Land birds 0 3 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Graphium meeki (butterfly) group endemic, Rare (RDB) Graphium mendana (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Papilio toboroi (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Reptiles-Amphibians: 13 endemic species, 1 endemic genus 20 species of frogs including: Batrachylodes elegans (ranid frog) endemic Batrachylodes gigas (ranid frog) endemic Batrachylodes mediodiscus (ranid frog) endemic to Bougainville and Buka. Batrachylodes minutus (ranid frog) endemic Batrachylodes montanus (ranid frog) endemic Batrachylodes trossulus (ranid frog) possibly also on Choiseul Batrachylodes wolfi (ranid frog) endemic to Bougainville and Buka Platymantis myersi (ranid frog) endemic Platymantis neckeri (ranid frog) endemic 8 species of geckos including: Lepidodactylus mutahi (Gekkonidae) endemic 27 species of skink including: Corucia zebrata (Scincidae) endemic to Solomon Islands and Bougainville Sphenomorphus fragosus (Scincidae) endemic Sphenomorphus taylori (Scincidae) endemic, rare Sphenomorphus transversus (Scincidae) endemic, single specimen Tribolonotus pseudoponceleti (Scincidae) endemic to Bougainville and Buka 9 species of snakes including: Parapistocalamus hedigeri (Elapidae) endemic monospecific genus Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) monospecific genus, endemic to Bougainville, Buka and Solomon Islands Birds: Cichlornis llaneae (Bougainville Thicket Warbler) endemic Halcyon bougainvillei (Moustached Kingfisher) group endemic Melilestes bougainvillei (Bougainville Honeyeater) endemic, montane and hill forest, Rare. Monarcha erythrosticta (Bougainville Monarch) group endemic Myzomela lafargei (Small Bougainville Honeyeater) group endemic Nesasio solomonensis (Fearful Owl) group endemic, Rare Nesoclopeus woodfordi* (Woodford's or Solomon Islands Rail) group endemic, Rare Puffinus heinrothi (Heinroth's Shearwater) endemic Zoothera talaseae (New Britain Ground Thrush) New Britain, Umboi and Bougainville, endemic subspecies   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 77880 (1979)   Density: 8.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: copper mining, plantations,, subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Large copper mine at Panguna, polluting Jaba River
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 15   High
CI-Marine: 4   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Buka     [849]
   Group: North Solomon Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 5.30º S   Long : 154.70º E
Area: 682.3 sq. km   Altitude: 365 m
Shoreline: 143.4 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.2102
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 170 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-amphibians: Batrachylodes mediodiscus (ranid frog) endemic to Buka and Bougainville Batrachylodes wolfi (ranid frog) endemic to Buka and Bougainville Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) monospecific genus, endemic to Bougainville, Buka and Solomon Islands Birds: Lonchura melaena (New Britain Finch) endemic to New Britain and Buka   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 32000 (1971)   Density: 46.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 1   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Dyaul (Djaul)    [1406]
   Group: Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 2.97º S   Long : 150.83º E
Area: 100.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 10 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1250 km    Isolation Index: 42
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 1 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Monarcha ateralba (Dyaul or Bismarck Monarch) endemic, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
    one endemic bird
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 0   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 13/01/89

Fergusson (Moratau)    [855]
   Group: d'Entrecasteaux Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Sea Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 9.60º S   Long : 150.60º E
Area: 1436.7 sq. km   Altitude: 2072 m
Shoreline: 224.5 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.1563
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 50 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 850 km    Isolation Index: 43
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Active volcano; lake.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20
Lake Lavu (1600 ha) with abundant wildlife.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds Paradisaea decora (Goldie's Bird of Paradise) endemic, Fergusson and Normanby, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Lake Lavu
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 13000 (1971)   Density: 9.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: tenure, govt. support, public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 50.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Lake Lavu Wildlife Management Area (5000 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 10   Moderate
CI-Marine: 1   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 31/10/88

Goodenough (Morata)    [850]
   Group: d'Entrecasteaux Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Sea Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 9.50º S   Long : 150.15º E
Area: 686.7 sq. km   Altitude: 2566 m
Shoreline: 115.9 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.1688
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 30 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 820 km    Isolation Index: 36
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions from Fergusson; fires in dry season
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15
Remnant lowland rain forest (disturbed); montane rain forest; cloud forest; anthropogenic grasslands and savanna with forest remnants along streams on seasonally dry east side; coastal Casuarina; mangroves. Reserve potential on mountain and west side.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 104 5 0
Mammals 30 1 1

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: many endemics Birds: 104 indigenous species Manucodia comrii (Bird of Paradise) endemic to D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriands 5 endemic montane subspecies Mammals: about 30 species, including: Dorcopsis atrata (Black Dorcopsis Wallaby) endemic, Castanopsus and Nothophagus forests, 900-1800 m, Rare (RDB)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 5  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 0
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 10000 (1971)   Density: 14.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, coconut plantations
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Subsistence agriculture inland up to 1100 m, coconut plantations along coast; wartime airfield; occasional fires.
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 3  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 110.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Oia Mada Wara Wildlife Management Area (11,000 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 17   High
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 24/10/90

Karkar     [1403]
   Group:
   Country: Papua New Guinea   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 4.67º S   Long : 146.00º E
Area: 400.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 12 km   group: 12 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 750 km    Isolation Index: 34
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, dense population
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, subsistence fishing
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 4  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 137.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 01/11/88

Kiriwina (Trobriand)    [847]
   Group: Trobriand Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Sea Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Trobriand Islands   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 8.50º S   Long : 151.05º E
Area: 266.5 sq. km   Altitude: 55 m
Shoreline: 125.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4717
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 75 km   group: 100 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 950 km    Isolation Index: 49
ISLAND TYPE: Raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Limestone rain forest, mangroves
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 12700 (1971)   Density: 47.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
Last updated: 31/10/88

Kiwai   - including Mibu, Umuda, Wabuda    [848]
   Group:
   Country: Papua New Guinea   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 8.58º S   Long : 143.45º E
Area: 359.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 135.3 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3768
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 250 km    Isolation Index: 20
ISLAND TYPE: continental delta islands      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 12/02/89

Lavongai (New Hanover)    [854]
   Group: Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 2.30º S   Long : 150.15º E
Area: 1227.1 sq. km   Altitude: 957 m
Shoreline: 172.2 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.1403
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 33 km   group: 100 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1250 km    Isolation Index: 51
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 7000 (1971)   Density: 5.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 9   Moderate
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 16/11/88

Lihir     [1908]
   Group: Lihir Group   Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 3.14º S   Long : 152.62º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 50 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1400 km    Isolation Index: 52
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
    high
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: potential gold mining
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 85%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 711 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
Last updated: 29/07/90

Long     [1402]
   Group:
   Country: Papua New Guinea   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 5.33º S   Long : 147.08º E
Area: 500.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 50 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 42
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           

SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   turtle breeding area
  crater lake resulting from volcanic explosion
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, some pressure for logging
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government and public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 6  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 419.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 01/11/88

Luf   - including Akib, Maron and Jalun    [1422]
   Group: Hermit Islands   Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 1.50º S   Long : 145.10º E
Area: 7.9 sq. km   Altitude: 260 m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 60 km   group: 165 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1050 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic and low coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5
Dense single-leyered rain forest on half of Luf, grassland; atoll forest with Casuarina and Pisonia on low coral islands; coral reef
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  Cervus rusa (ca. 100); sheep and goats on Maron
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 500 (1970)   Density: 63.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 17/11/88

Malendok     [1910]
Group: Tanga Islands, Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 3.54º SLong: 153.24º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Manam     [1404]
Group:
Country: Papua New Guinea: Pacific
Lat: 4.13º SLong: 145.08º E Region: Oceania 1
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic

Manus     [856]
   Group: Admiralty Islands   Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 2.05º S   Long : 146.90º E
Area: 1940.2 sq. km   Altitude: 718 m
Shoreline: 361.3 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.1862
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 280 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1050 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 1
Land snails 0 1 1
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 2 2
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Papilio weymeri (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Ornithoptera priamus admiralitatus (birdwing butterfly) group endemic, ranched for trade, not threatened Other invertebrates: several land snails traded internationally, including: Papustyla pulcherrima (Manus Green Tree Snail) endemic, rain forest, Rare (RDB). Megalacron klaarwateri Megalacron admiralitatis Megalacron novaeguinensis Megalacron melanesia, localized distribution Birds: Pitta superba (Superb Pitta) endemic or group endemic, Rare Philemon albitorques (White-naped Friarbird) endemic or group endemic, lowland and hill forest, Rare. Ninox meeki (Admiralty Islands Hawk Owl) group endemic, Rare Monarcha infelix (Admiralty Islands Monarch) group endemic Mammals: Dugong dugon (Dugong) Vulnerable (RDB), common locally
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 1
  south coast of interest for dugong conservation
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 10000    Density: 5.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 58.5 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Ndrolowa Wildlife Management Area (5,850 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 24/10/90

Misima     [845]
   Group: Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 10.65º S   Long : 152.75º E
Area: 202.5 sq. km   Altitude: 1036 m
Shoreline: 93.4 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4612
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 85 km   group: 150 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1050 km    Isolation Index: 54
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: gold mining
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
Last updated: 31/10/88

Mussau   - including Eloaua, Emananus, Emirau    [1904]
   Group: St Matthias Group   Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 1.50º S   Long : 149.66º E
Area: 400.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 95 km   group: 550 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1300 km    Isolation Index: 69
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
  Coral reefs
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 2 2
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Monarcha menckei (St. Matthias Monarch) group endemic, Rare Rhipidura matthiae (St. Matthias Rufous Fantail) group endemic, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 85%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 711 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 0   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 29/07/90

Muyua (Woodlark)    [852]
   Group: Marshall Bennett Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Sea Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Trobriand Islands   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 9.10º S   Long : 152.80º E
Area: 873.9 sq. km   Altitude: 225 m
Shoreline: 216.3 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.2475
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 150 km   group: 180 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1100 km    Isolation Index: 59
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral?      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Primary lowland rain forest on half of island (1978), remainder secondary forest, some grasslands.
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Ornithoptera priamus boisduvali (birdwing butterfly) endemic, Rare (RDB), ranched for trade Mammals: Phalanger lullulae (Woodlark Island Cuscus) endemic, lowland forest, Rare (RDB)
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, population low but increasing
  Population: 2000 (1971)   Density: 2.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 31/10/88

New Britain     [858]
   Group: Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 5.70º S   Long : 150.90º E
Area: 35144.6 sq. km   Altitude: 2500 m
  Island too large for adequate coverage in this directory
Shoreline: 1687.8 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.0480
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 90 km   group: 90 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 850 km    Isolation Index: 48
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions & ashfalls common; earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15    Marine: 10
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 11 12
Mammals 0 0 0

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 2
    good
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  Active volcanoes; Lake Dakataua (crater lake); Lake Hargy
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, urban development at Rabaul
  Population: 222759 (1980)   Density: 6.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, plantations
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 2   Area: Terrestrial: 170.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 13   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 30/01/89

New Ireland     [857]
   Group: Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 3.70º S   Long : 152.50º E
Area: 7404.5 sq. km   Altitude: 2150 m
Shoreline: 886.0 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.1197
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 35 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1350 km    Isolation Index: 49
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Lowland rain forest types, montane rain forest with Nothofagus above 500 m at eastern end, mangroves
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 5 5
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Papilio moerneri (butterfly) Vulnerable (RDB) Birds: Reinwardtoena browni (Giant Pied Cuckoo Dove) group endemic, New Britain and New Ireland Lorius albidinuchus (White-naped Lory) endemic, hill and montane forest, Rare. Ninox variegata (Bismarck Hawk Owl) group endemic, New Ireland and Lavongai Myzomela pulchella (New Ireland Honeyeater) endemic, hill and montane forest, Rare. Philemon eichhorni (New Ireland Friarbird) endemic, lowland and hill forest, Rare. Lonchura forbesi (New Ireland Finch) endemic, grasslands and clearings, Rare. Dicrurus megarhynchus (New Ireland Drongo) endemic, lowland forest, Rare.   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 50522 (1973)   Density: 6.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 16/11/88

Ninigo   - including Heina,Pepelun,Sama,Awin,Liot    [1423]
   Group: Ninigo Islands   Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago   Region: Oceania 2
Lat: 1.30º S   Long : 144.20º E
Area: 3.0 sq. km   Altitude: 3 m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 75 km   group: 250 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1050 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: atolls      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5
Atoll forest mostly cleared for coconuts, dense ferns; small brackish ponds in forest; mangroves; atoll reefs and lagoons
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 17 3 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: 17 species of birds including: Aplonis feadensis heureka, endemic subspecies Myzomela pammalaena (nigrita) ernstmayri (Bismark Dusky Myzomela) endemic subspecies, threatened by recent colonization by Nectarinia jugularis. Trichoglossus haematodus nesophilus, endemic subspecies Halcyon saurophaga anchoreta, subspecies endemic to Hermits, Ninigo and Anchorites. Monarcha cinerascens perpallidus, subspecies endemic to Hermits, Ninigo and Anchorites. Ducula pacifica, 150 on Menam alone Mammals: 1 fruit bat   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  Nectarinia jugularis

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, (Micronesians)
  Population: 500 (1970)   Density: 166.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 9
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 0   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Nissan     [1912] - including Pinipel
Group: Green Islands (Nissan Islands), Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville: Pacific
Lat: 4.54º SLong: 154.18º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: atoll

Normanby (Duau)    [1405]
   Group: d'Entrecasteaux Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Sea Islands
   Country: Papua New Guinea - d'Entrecasteaux Is.   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 10.00º S   Long : 151.00º E
Area: 1040.0 sq. km   Altitude: 1100 m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 15 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 900 km    Isolation Index: 35
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 1
Mammals 0 0 0

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, some hunting and burning
  Population: 10000 (1971)   Density: 9.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: plantations
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 7.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 0   Low
Last updated: 01/11/88

Nukumanu     [1915] - including Naku Dabu
Group: Nukumanu Islands, Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville: Pacific
Lat: 4.54º SLong: 159.42º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: atoll

Pana Tinai     [1228]
Group: Calvados Chain, Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 11.25º SLong: 153.15º E Region: Oceania 1
Area: 77.8 sq. km   Altitude: 338 m   Shoreline: 51.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Purutu     [844]
   Group:
   Country: Papua New Guinea   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 8.42º S   Long : 143.50º E
Area: 185.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 70.1 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3779
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 250 km    Isolation Index: 20
ISLAND TYPE: continental river delta      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 12/02/89

Rossel (Yela)    [846]
Group: Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 11.40º SLong: 154.20º E Region: Oceania 1
Area: 262.5 sq. km   Altitude: 838 m   Shoreline: 121.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Sideia     [841]
Group: Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 10.55º SLong: 150.85º E Region: Oceania 1
Area: 107.3 sq. km   Altitude: 508 m   Shoreline: 87.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Simberi     [1905]
Group: Tabar Islands, Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 2.68º SLong: 151.96º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Sudest (Tagula)    [851]
   Group: Archipelago: Louisiade Archipelago
   Country: Papua New Guinea - Louisiade Archipelago   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 11.70º S   Long : 153.60º E
Area: 865.7 sq. km   Altitude: 806 m
Shoreline: 200.8 km (scale 1:1923000)   Coastal Index: 0.2320
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1070 km    Isolation Index: 56
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 2 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Ornithoptera (priamus) caelestis (birdwing butterfly) endemic to Louisiade Archipelago, ranched for trade, not threatened Other invertebrates group endemic land snails Birds: Myzomela albigula (White-chinned Honeyeater) endemic to Louisiade Archip. Meliphaga vicina (Louisiades Honeyeater) endemic, lowland forest, Rare. Cracticus louisiadensis (White-rumped Butcher Bird) endemic, lowland forest, Rare.   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 0
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 2000 (1971)   Density: 2.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 2.2%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 58%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 819 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: legislation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 31/10/88

Tabar     [1907]
Group: Tabar Islands, Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 2.90º SLong: 152.06º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Takuu (Tauu)    [1914]
Group: Mortlock Islands, Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville: Pacific
Lat: 4.82º SLong: 157.04º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: atoll

Tatau     [1906]
Group: Tabar Islands, Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 2.82º SLong: 151.96º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Tulun (Kilinailau)    [1913] - including Jangaini, Yecola, Yava, Puili
Group: Carteret Group, Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bougainville: Pacific
Lat: 4.78º SLong: 155.40º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: atoll

Umboi (Rooke)    [853]
Group: Archipelago: Bismarck Archipelago
Country: Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Archipelago: Pacific
Lat: 5.70º SLong: 148.00º E Region: Oceania 2
Area: 930.2 sq. km   Altitude: 1655 m   Shoreline: 135.6 km (scale 1:1923000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Wabuda     [843]
   Group:
   Country: Papua New Guinea   Region: Oceania 1
Lat: 8.39º S   Long : 143.67º E
Area: 108.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 50.9 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4687
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 250 km    Isolation Index: 20
ISLAND TYPE: continental river delta      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 12/02/89

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