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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Niue

Niue     [834]
   Group:
   Country: Niue   Region: Oceania 8
Lat: 19.05º S   Long : 169.85º W
Area: 263.7 sq. km   Altitude: 73 m
Shoreline: 65.6 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2488
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 400 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 97
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Raised coral platform with terraced coastal cliffs, higher rim and karst topography; thin soil partly of volcanic ash origin; high natural radioactivity
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1980); natural radioactivity
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 6    Marine: 3
Limestone rain forest; coastal forest on terraces; secondary forest, scrub and fern barrens; caves; fringing reefs; cliffs with terraced coralline algal pools
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  175 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 1 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 629 vascular plants, including 175 indigenous taxa Insects: no butterflies Birds: (Polynesian Triller) endemic subspecies   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 1
    one endemic bird subspecies
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  numerous caves and scenic coastal areas
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, declining population
  Population: 3200 (1981)   Density: 12.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: -3.3%/yr   Decreasing
  Major Human Activities: agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Agricultural development (passion fruit); some timber cutting; rapid increase in degraded land (over 45%) in last 40 years from poor agricultural development and shifting cultivation. Population declining from emigration to New Zealand
  Habitat: villages   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 10%   Human Threat Indicator: 0
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 1101 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 1
Conservation support: public support, tenure
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Huvalu Tapu Forest (traditional protected area since prehistoric times)
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 4   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 04/12/88

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Page last updated: 02/03/98