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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Tuvalu



Funafuti     [1497]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 8.50º S   Long : 179.20º E
Area: 2.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 80 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 82
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1891, 1958, 1972)
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Coconuts, atoll scrub; small mangrove swamp inside main islet; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon (CRD)
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  55 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, capital of Tuvalu
  Population: 2810 (1988)   Density: 1004 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 1.7%/yr   Increasing slowly
  Major Human Activities: government, fishing, subsistence agriculture
  Habitat: town   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 690 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 32
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88



Nanumanga     [1275]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 6.29º S   Long : 176.32º E
Area: 3.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 7.2 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 2.3226
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 80
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Mangroves; fringing reefs
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, 1 village
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Nanumea     [1273]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 5.68º S   Long : 176.15º E
Area: 2.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 14.6 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 5.4074
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 60 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 81
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, 2 villages
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence agriculture, subsistance fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Niulakita (Nurakita)    [1498]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 10.50º S   Long : 179.33º E
Area: 0.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 150 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 85
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 2
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, small village
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing, subsistence agriculture
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Niutao     [1274]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 6.11º S   Long : 177.30º E
Area: 2.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 6.9 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 2.4643
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 83
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Dense coconuts; fringing reef
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, highest density in Tuvalu
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Nui     [1270]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 7.19º S   Long : 177.12º E
Area: 1.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 5.3 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 5.3000
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 120 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 84
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Fringing reef
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, one village
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence agriculture, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Nukufetau     [1495]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 8.00º S   Long : 178.50º E
Area: 2.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 80
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, 1 village
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing, subsistence agriculture
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Nukulaelae     [1496]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 9.33º S   Long : 179.83º E
Area: 1.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 120 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 84
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, 1 village
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing, subsistence agriculture
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

Vaitupu     [1276]
   Group: Archipelago: Ellis Islands
   Country: Tuvalu   Region: Oceania 10
Lat: 7.48º S   Long : 178.83º E
Area: 5.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 19.4 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 3.4643
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 80
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 2
Some mangrove and swamps; lagoons; broad fringing reefs
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, cultivated
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence cultivation, overfishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 190 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 06/12/88

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