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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Marshall Islands

Ailinginae     [1387]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.17º N   Long : 166.47º E
Area: 3.3 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 3.3 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 87
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with a few islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest and scrub, grasses on smaller islets, Casuarina on eastern islets windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, ?
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts on one islet
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Ailinglaplap (Ailinglapalap)    [1397]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 7.50º N   Long : 168.67º E
Area: 15.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 15.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 40 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 50 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Almost continuous reef rim.
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Coconuts; mangroves in small depressions; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Ducula oceanica oceanica (Micronesian Pigeon) only on Ailinglaplap, Jaluit and Kosrae   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1400 (1980)   Density: 93.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 30/10/88

Ailuk     [1375]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 10.58º N   Long : 169.88º E
Area: 5.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 5.4 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 70 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 98
ISLAND TYPE: elongate atoll with 57 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1951)
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub as windbreak; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 11 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 420 (1980)   Density: 77.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 7
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 25/10/88

Arno     [1382]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 7.03º N   Long : 171.67º E
Area: 13.0 sq. km   Altitude: 2 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 13.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 88
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 100 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub, Casuarina; mangroves; windward and leeward atoll reefs (CRD) and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  44 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 44 native species, 81 introduced Birds: possible remnant population of Ducula oceanica ratakensis (Ratak Micronesian Pigeon) Indeterminate (RDB)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1500 (1980)   Density: 115.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 9
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 30/10/88

Aur     [1380]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 8.27º N   Long : 171.03º E
Area: 5.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 5.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 90
ISLAND TYPE: square atoll with 32 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  22 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 449 (1980)   Density: 80.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 7
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Bikar     [1370]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 12.22º N   Long : 170.08º E
Area: 0.5 sq. km   Altitude: 3 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.5 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 1100 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 4000 km    Isolation Index: 106
ISLAND TYPE: diamond atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Phosphates present.
CLIMATE: dry  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 3
Atoll forest (30 ha) with Pisonia, atoll scrub and vines; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, major turtle nesting area
  18 seabird species, 14 breeding
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly taboo, visited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
HUMAN IMPACTS:

Conservation support: tenure, government support
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.5 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Protected by order since 1958 (52 ha).
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 24/10/88

Bikini     [1386]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.58º N   Long : 165.33º E
Area: 6.0 sq. km   Altitude: 4 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 6.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 90 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 22 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Pisonia forest; secondary scrub thickets; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.   Forest
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, former nuclear test site
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: airport
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 10/08/90

Bokaak (Taongi, Pokak)    [1369]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 14.80º N   Long : 169.39º E
Area: 3.2 sq. km   Altitude: 4 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 3.2 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 300 km   group: 1400 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4000 km    Isolation Index: 118
ISLAND TYPE: crescent atoll with 14 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 5
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Dry and stony.
CLIMATE: dry  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub and grasslands with 8-9 species; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  9 1 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 1 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: Lepturus gas(sa)paricensis (grass) endemic (also reported on Wake Island) Reptiles-amphibians: Endemic race of lizards Birds: Major breeding colonies of Puffinus pacificus, Sterna fuscata, Sula sula and Fregata minor.   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 0
    endemic grass
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
  20 seabird species, 14 breeding
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly taboo
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Japanese relay station and bomb dump destroyed in 1944. Proposed as dump site for 25 million tons of American solid waste, 1988.
Conservation support: tenure, government support
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 3.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Protected by order since 1958 (324 ha).
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 24/10/88

Ebon     [1401]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 4.67º N   Long : 168.72º E
Area: 5.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 5.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 120 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 23 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Coconuts, breadfruit, Pandanus and Casuarina; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove now extinct
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, heavily cultivated
  Population: 858 (1980)   Density: 147.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Enewetak (Eniwetok)    [1385]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.50º N   Long : 162.25º E
Area: 5.8 sq. km   Altitude: 4 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 5.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 300 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 102
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 30 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon (CRD).
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  42 4 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 42 native taxa, 53 introduced 4 endemic Pandanus varieties   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 0
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  Extensively studied
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, former nuclear test site
  Population: 548 (1980)   Density: 94.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Population evacuated from 1946 to mid-1970s; nuclear weapons test site from 1947, barren areas and bomb craters, some restoration; site of active marine laboratory, now closed.
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 30/10/88

Erikub     [1378]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 9.08º N   Long : 170.00º E
Area: 1.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 13 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest and scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Jabwot (Jabat)    [1396]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 7.75º N   Long : 169.00º E
Area: 0.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 88
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 72 (1980)   Density: 120.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 9
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Jaluit     [1398]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 6.00º N   Long : 169.58º E
Area: 3.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 3.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 130 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 80 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Large diamond-shaped atoll with over 80 islets on nearly continuous land rim.
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Coconuts; atoll scrub and grasslands; mangroves in small depressions; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  40 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 40 native species, 19 introduced Birds: Ducula oceanica oceanica (Micronesian Pigeon) only on Jaluit, Ailinglaplap and Kosrae   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1485 (1980)   Density: 412.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Former German administrative centre.
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 24
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 30/10/88

Jemo     [1374]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 10.17º N   Long : 169.50º E
Area: 0.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.2 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 96
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island on reef      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest and scrub as windbreak, large Pisonia trees; fringing reef.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 8 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery green turtle nesting area
  birds abundant
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation
Conservation support: government support
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 25/10/88

Kili     [1399]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 5.67º N   Long : 169.05º E
Area: 0.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.9 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 88
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 492 (1980)   Density: 546.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 30
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Knox (Narik)    [2005]
   Group: Radak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 5.92º N   Long : 172.15º E
Area: 0.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 85
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 10 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Atoll vegetation, windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY: little    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 5   Moderate
Last updated: 04/09/90

Kwajalein     [1393]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 9.25º N   Long : 167.50º E
Area: 16.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 16.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 70 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 93
ISLAND TYPE: large atoll with 92 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest on smaller islets with Pisonia; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
  Enewetak islet inside lagoon with Pisonia forest taboo area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  Mynah
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, large population
  Population: 6629 (1980)   Density: 414.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: military
  Habitat:   Urban Pop: 6629  Urban Indicator: 9
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 30
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Lae     [1392]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 8.95º N   Long : 166.20º E
Area: 1.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 40 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with many islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest with Ochrosia and Pisonia; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 237 (1980)   Density: 148.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Lib     [1394]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 8.43º N   Long : 167.35º E
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: low coral sand island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 2
Some native atoll forest on north side and around pond in 1960; large freshwater pond with mangroves (Bruguiera ?); fringing reef.   Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  large freshwater pond with mangroves
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 99 (1980)   Density: 123.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, pineapples
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 9
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Likiep     [1376]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 10.00º N   Long : 169.13º E
Area: 10.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 10.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 65 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 98
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 112 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 5 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 487 (1980)   Density: 48.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 25/10/88

Majuro     [1381]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 7.08º N   Long : 171.13º E
Area: 9.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 9.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 88
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 60 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon (CRD).
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  30 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 1
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, capital, urban development
  Population: 11893 (1980)   Density: 1321 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: government, coconut plantations
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 20%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 67
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 4   Low
Last updated: 30/10/88

Maloelap     [1379]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 8.75º N   Long : 171.00º E
Area: 10.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 10.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 90
ISLAND TYPE: triangular atoll, 60 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest and scrub; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 627 (1980)   Density: 62.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 6
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Mejit     [1373]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 10.32º N   Long : 170.67º E
Area: 1.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 90 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 99
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island, central pond     Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Mangroves in channel from central pond to sea; fringing reef.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, well cultivated
  Population: 329 (1980)   Density: 182.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 12
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 25/10/88

Mili     [1383]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 6.13º N   Long : 171.98º E
Area: 16.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 16.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 80 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 90 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Casuarina; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 762 (1980)   Density: 47.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Namorik     [1400]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 5.67º N   Long : 168.08º E
Area: 2.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 2.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 2 main islands      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Windward and leeward atoll reefs; closed lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 629 (1980)   Density: 241.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, bananas
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 15
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Namu     [1395]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 8.00º N   Long : 168.13º E
Area: 6.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 6.2 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 45 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 50 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 656 (1980)   Density: 105.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Rongelap     [1388]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.50º N   Long : 166.75º E
Area: 7.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 7.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 87
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 50 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest with Pisonia, grasses in north; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 233 (1980)   Density: 29.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Rongrik (Rongerik)    [1389]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.37º N   Long : 167.47º E
Area: 2.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 2.1 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 90
ISLAND TYPE: elongate atoll with 13 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest, coconuts, grasses on smaller islets; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
   turtles formerly common
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly inhabited
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Taka     [1372]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.12º N   Long : 169.67º E
Area: 3.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 3.4 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 93
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 6 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: dry  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1951)
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 3
Low atoll forest, atoll scrub and grasses; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 7 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery on Etuk
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 24/10/88

Ujae     [1391]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 9.00º N   Long : 165.67º E
Area: 1.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: long atoll with 15 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest with Ochrosia and Pisonia; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 309 (1980)   Density: 193.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 13
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Ujelang     [1384]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 9.70º N   Long : 160.92º E
Area: 1.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 250 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 101
ISLAND TYPE: long atoll with over 35 islets     Natural Protection Indicator: 5
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Coconuts on largest islet, grasses on smaller islets; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly inhabited
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 11   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Utrik (Utirik)    [1371]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 11.19º N   Long : 169.49º E
Area: 0.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.5 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 93
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 4 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1951)
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 3
Atoll forest and scrub on Ealuk Is.; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 10 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 328 (1980)   Density: 656.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 36
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 24/10/88

Wotho     [1390]
   Group: Ralik Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 10.13º N   Long : 165.92º E
Area: 4.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 4.1 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 110 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with over 13 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Atoll forest with Ochrosia and Pisonia; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
  coconut crabs common
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, small population
  Population: 76 (1980)   Density: 18.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 30/10/88

Wotje     [1377]
   Group: Ratak Chain   Archipelago: Marshall Islands
   Country: Marshall Islands   Region: Oceania 14
Lat: 9.50º N   Long : 170.00º E
Area: 8.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 8.0 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 3800 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 56 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Remnant atoll forest; grasses on smaller islets; windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 524 (1980)   Density: 65.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.0%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantation
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 6
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 25/10/88

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Page last updated: 02/03/98