UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Hunter, Matthew and Walpole Islands

Hunter (Fearn, Umaenaeg)    [1306]
   Group:
   Country: France - Hunter, Matthew & Walpole Is.   Region: Oceania 4
Lat: 22.31º S   Long : 172.06º E
Area: 0.4 sq. km   Altitude: 260 m
Depth to nearest land: 2200 m
Nearest island: 70 km   group: 350 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1900 km    Isolation Index: 71
ISLAND TYPE: active volcano      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions, cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Grassland, scrub, low woods and some trees; small corals on rocky shore.
SPECIES RICHNESS:
few
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 1
  seabird rookery
  intermittent active volcano; early marine colonization
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: government support,tenure
DATA RELIABILITY: good and recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 5   Moderate
Last updated: 26/08/88

Matthew (Umaenupne)    [1305]
   Group:
   Country: France - Hunter, Matthew & Walpole Is.   Region: Oceania 4
Lat: 22.29º S   Long : 171.15º E
Area: 0.1 sq. km   Altitude: 177 m
Depth to nearest land: 2200 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 270 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1800 km    Isolation Index: 69
ISLAND TYPE: active volcano      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions, cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Herbaceous vegetation of early colonizers
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  10 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
  active volcano
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: government support, tenure
DATA RELIABILITY: good recent data    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 4   Low
Last updated: 26/08/88

Walpole     [1307]
   Group:
   Country: France - Hunter, Matthew & Walpole Is.   Region: Oceania 4
Lat: 22.65º S   Long : 168.95º E
Area: 1.3 sq. km   Altitude: 100 m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 150 km   group: 150 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1650 km    Isolation Index: 65
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral, flat topped      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Scrub, fringing reef.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  45 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES RICHNESS:
poor
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  feral animals
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly mined
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: phosphate mined 1920-36
Conservation support: government support, tenure
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 26/08/88

Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98