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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Solomon Islands



Choiseul (Lauru)    [960]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 7.10º S   Long : 156.95º E
Area: 2970.7 sq. km   Altitude: 1067 m
Shoreline: 414.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1395
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1600 km    Isolation Index: 69
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20
Various forest types, some serpentine woodland; narrow fringing reefs, some barrier reefs off north-east coast
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 2
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 7 1 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Graphium meeki (butterfly) group endemic, Rare (RDB) Graphium mendana (butterfly) Rare (RDB) Reptiles-Amphibians: 7 species of frogs, 1 possibly endemic Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Birds: Microgoura meeki (Solomon Islands Ground Pigeon) extinct 1904 (RDB) Nesasio solomonensis (Fearful Owl) group endemic, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 10349 (1976)   Density: 3.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 14   High
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88



Ghizo (Gizo)    [1424]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.07º S   Long : 156.75º E
Area: 35.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 67
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Lowland Callophyllum kajewskii forest; mangroves; barrier reef off north coast, fringing reef 250 m wide on south coast
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 1 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: Loveridgelaps elapoides, group endemic, very rare, K(Insufficiently Known) Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Birds: Zosterops luteirostris luteirostris (Ghizo White-eye) endemic species (or subspecies), Endangered (RDB).
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, (pop. 10911 in Roviana area 1976)
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Most forest logged
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Guadalcanal     [964]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.60º S   Long : 160.20º E
Area: 5352.9 sq. km   Altitude: 2447 m
Shoreline: 390.4 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.0729
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 55 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1700 km    Isolation Index: 75
ISLAND TYPE: old volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Some mineral potential including gold deposits; 1961 earthquake raised reefs in Marau Sound 0.6 m; 1978 earthquake raised submerged reefs south of Guadalcanal 10 m.
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1986), earthquakes (1961,1978)
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 30
Lowland rain forest including Pometia/Vitex/Calophyllum type in upland areas; fire-maintained grassland; some serpentine vegetation; lake; barrier reefs up to 2 km wide; fringing reefs (many elevated and eroding), flourishing reef north of Parura, Marau Sound.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 36 3 1
Land birds 0 2 3
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 6 species of frogs 12 species of geckos including: Cyrtodactylus biordinis (Gekkonidae) endemic, fairly common Lepidodactylus shebae (Gekkonidae) endemic, known from 1 specimen 17 species of skinks including: Tribolonotus schmidti (Scincidae) endemic Sphenomorphus bignelli (Scincidae) group endemic Loveridgelaps elapoides, group endemic, very rare, K(Insufficiently Known) Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Crocodylus porosus (Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile), particularly in Laura Lagoon, Endangered Birds: Cichlornis whitneyi (Thicket Warbler) montane rain forest, Guadalcanal and Espiritu Santo (Vanuatu), Rare Collocalia orientalis (Guadalcanal Swiftlet) endemic, Rare Meliphaga inexpectata (Guadalcanal Honeyeater) endemic, montane and hill forest, Rare Nesoclopeus woodfordi* (Woodford's or Solomon Islands Rail) group endemic, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 3  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 1
  earthquake-raised reefs
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  Bufo marinus (Cane Toad)

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, capital Honiara
  Population: 46619 (1976)   Density: 8.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: large scale agriculture, government, logging
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Large-scale agricultural development, oil palm and formerly rice; mining; grass fires; density 6 persons/sq.km in rural areas
  Habitat:   Urban Pop: 15000  Urban Indicator: 3
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 60.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Queen Elizabeth National Park (formerly 6080 ha) now degraded
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 19   High
CI-Marine: 3   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

Kolombangara (Nduke)    [958]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 7.95º S   Long : 157.05º E
Area: 687.8 sq. km   Altitude: 1768 m
Shoreline: 116.6 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1695
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 550 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 65
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic, single cone      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10
Formerly several kinds of rich lowland and montane rain forest; narrow fringing reef, but corals killed by sedimentation
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 4 0 0
Land birds 0 2 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 4 species of frogs Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Sphenomorphus bignelli (Scincidae) group endemic Birds: Monarcha browni (Kolombangara Monarch) group endemic Phylloscopus amoenus (Kolombangara Warbler) endemic Zosterops murphyi (Kolombangara Mountain White-eye) endemic, montane forest, Rare
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  forest well studied and of great interest before logging
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: logging
HUMAN IMPACTS:
All lower slopes logged except for one 500 m strip; serious soil compaction and erosion from logging in 1970's
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Kolombangara Forest Reserve (Controlled Forest)
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Malaita (Mala)    [963]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.00º S   Long : 161.00º E
Area: 3836.2 sq. km   Altitude: 1433 m
Shoreline: 548.2 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1429
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 45 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1800 km    Isolation Index: 76
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Submerged east coast, west coast with raised barrier reef
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20    Marine: 10
Lowland and montane rain forest types; fringing and barrier reefs
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 1 0
Land birds 0 3 3
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 8 species of frogs endemic fresh water turtle Loveridgelaps elapoides, group endemic, very rare, K(Insufficiently Known) Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Birds: Rhipidura malaitae (Malaita Rufous Fantail) endemic, montane forest, Rare. Zosterops stressmanni (Malaita White-eye) endemic, lowland/hill forest, Rare Myzomela malaitae (Malaita Honeyeater) endemic, lowland/hill forest, Rare.   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  Bufo marinus (Cane Toad)

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 60043 (1976)   Density: 15.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, subsistence fishing, logging
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 15   High
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

Maramasike (Small Malaita)    [953]
Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Solomon Islands: Pacific
Lat: 9.60º SLong: 161.45º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 480.5 sq. km   Altitude: 518 m   Shoreline: 171.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Nendo (Santa Cruz, Ndeni)    [954]
   Group: Archipelago: Santa Cruz Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 5
Lat: 10.75º S   Long : 166.00º E
Area: 505.5 sq. km   Altitude: 549 m
Shoreline: 172.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3412
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 70 km   group: 250 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2100 km    Isolation Index: 70
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5
Dense lowland Agathis macrophylla forest except to west
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 1 0
Land birds 0 2 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: Agathis macrophylla (kaori) endemic: Nendo, Vanikolo, Espiritu Santo Reptiles-Amphibians: Emoia rufilabialis (Scincidae) endemic Birds: Zosterops sanctaecrucis (Santa Cruz White-eye) group? endemic Woodfordia lacertosa (Sanford's White-eye) group? endemic
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, interior uninhabited
  Population: 4854 (1976)   Density: 9.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: logging, subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

New Georgia     [959]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.25º S   Long : 157.60º E
Area: 2036.7 sq. km   Altitude: 860 m
Shoreline: 369.0 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1812
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 60 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 71
ISLAND TYPE: old volcanic and raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Old volcanic high island and raised barrier reefs; numerous offshore islands, lagoons 37-55 m deep, shallower to north
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15    Marine: 15
Rain forest including Dillenia/Calophyllum/Campnosperma type; mangroves; fringing reefs, double barrier reefs (best defined in world) outside Marovo Lagoon, variety of reef types and lagoon complexes (CRD) including flourishing reefs at Matiu Island.
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-amphibians: 6 species of frogs
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 1
  well-defined double barrier reef
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: logging, subsistence agriculture, fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Extensive logging, tuna plant
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 13   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

Nggatokae     [1248]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.75º S   Long : 158.20º E
Area: 93.2 sq. km   Altitude: 766 m
Shoreline: 53.8 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.5773
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10
Fringing reefs; southeast of Marovo Lagoon (CRD)
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Nggela   - including Nggela Sule, Nggela Pile    [1426]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.08º S   Long : 160.25º E
Area: 386.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 25 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1750 km    Isolation Index: 73
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 7044 (1976)   Density: 18.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Ontong Java (Lord Howe)    [1916] - including Luangiua, Kemalu, Pelau
Group: Ontong Java, Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Solomon Islands: Pacific
Lat: 5.36º SLong: 159.50º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: atoll

Pavuvu     [945]
   Group: Russell Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.05º S   Long : 159.10º E
Area: 120.2 sq. km   Altitude: 543 m
Shoreline: 85.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.7130
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1700 km    Isolation Index: 75
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Intermittent barrier reef along north coast, no reefs to south
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, (pop. 3070 in Russell Islands)
  Population: 0 (1976)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconut plantations
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Ranongga (Ghanongga)    [948]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.05º S   Long : 156.55º E
Area: 147.9 sq. km   Altitude: 869 m
Shoreline: 69.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4713
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 64
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic with raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15
Forest; narrow fringing reef
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 2 0 0
Land birds 0 1 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 2 species of frogs Birds: Zosterops splendida (Ranongga White-eye) endemic sp. (or ssp.)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 13   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Rendova     [952]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.55º S   Long : 157.30º E
Area: 411.3 sq. km   Altitude: 1060 m
Shoreline: 114.9 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2794
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Narrow fringing reefs, some barrier reefs
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Rennell (Mu Nggava)    [957]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 11.65º S   Long : 160.20º E
Area: 660.1 sq. km   Altitude: 154 m
Shoreline: 196.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2980
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 170 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1550 km    Isolation Index: 79
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Raised coral island with coastal cliffs, central depression, lake and karstic surface; pockets of bauxite on top and under lake bottom
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5    Marine: 2
Lowland rain forest over 90% of island with Terminalia sepicana, Elaeocarpus and Endospermum and endemic bird fauna; brackish Lake Tegano (largest in Pacific Islands) with endemic species; fringing reefs.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 17 1 1
Land birds 43 15 3
Mammals 11 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 17 species including 4 sea snakes Laticauda crockeri (sea snake in lake) endemic, Rare Birds 43 (36) species, including 5 endemic species and 10 endemic subspecies: Clytorhynchus hamlini (Rennell Shrikebill) endemic, Rare Rhipidura rennelliana (Rennell Fantail) endemic, Rare Zosterops rennelliana (Rennell Island White-eye) endemic Woodfordia superciliosa (Woodford's White-eye) endemic, Rare Aplonis insularis (Rennell Starling) endemic Mammals 10 species of bats Rattus exulans subspecies Marine life: 118 molluscs 79 fish
SPECIES RICHNESS:   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
high for this island type
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Lake Tegano largest in the Pacific Islands
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 2500 (1988)   Density: 3.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, subsistence fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Proposals to log forest for woodchips; proposals for bauxite mining over much of island, mining test plots planted in pine
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 14   High
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

San Cristobal (Makira)    [961]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 10.60º S   Long : 161.85º E
Area: 3190.5 sq. km   Altitude: 1250 m
Shoreline: 425.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1334
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 45 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1750 km    Isolation Index: 75
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20
Forest, some serpentine vegetation; slightly elevated and eroding fringing reefs
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 8 8
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-Amphibians: 2 species of frogs Birds: Edithornis (Pareudiastes) silvestris (San Cristobal Mountain Rail)* endemic, central mountains and valleys of Naghasi Ridge, Indeterminate (RDB), known from only one specimen. Gallicolumba salamonis (San Cristobal Ground Dove) endemic to San Cristobal group, rain forest, Rare. Ptilinopus eugeniae (White-headed Fruit Dove) San Cristobal and Uki Ni Masa, lowland and hill rain forest, Rare Vitia parens (Shade Warbler) endemic, montane forest, Rare Zoothera margaretae (San Cristobal Ground Thrush) group? endemic, Rare Monarcha vidua (San Cristobal Monarch) endemic, San Crisobal and Uki Ni Masa, Rare Rhipidura tenebrosa (Dusky Fantail) endemic, hill/montane forest, Rare Dicaeum tristrami (San Cristobal Flowerpecker) endemic, lowland forest, Rare Meliarchus sclateri (San Cristobal Honeyeater) endemic, lowland/hill forest, Rare Aplonis dichroa (San Cristobal Starling) endemic, forest edges, Rare   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 13034 (1976)   Density: 4.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, logging
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Proposed major logging project (1983)
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 17   High
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

San Jorge     [950]
Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Solomon Islands: Pacific
Lat: 8.45º SLong: 159.60º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 183.5 sq. km   Altitude: 396 m   Shoreline: 74.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Santa Isabel (Bughotu, Santa Ysabel)    [962]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.00º S   Long : 159.10º E
Area: 3664.8 sq. km   Altitude: 1219 m
Shoreline: 893.3 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2438
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 80 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1700 km    Isolation Index: 75
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic and some raised coral     Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15    Marine: 10
Serpentine Casuarina woodland; mangroves; reef complex off northwest coast
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Insects: Graphium meeki (butterfly) group endemic, Rare (RDB) Reptiles-amphibians: 9 species of frogs Loveridgelaps elapoides, group endemic, very rare, K(Insufficiently Known) Solomonelaps par (Elapidae) group endemic Birds: Nesasio solomonensis (Fearful Owl) group endemic, Rare Nesoclopeus woodfordi* (Woodford's or Solomon Islands Rail) group endemic, Rare
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 10420 (1976)   Density: 2.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Still largely undisturbed but threatened by logging
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/03/89

Savo     [1427]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.17º S   Long : 159.83º E
Area: 30.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1750 km    Isolation Index: 72
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic (active volcano)      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1569 (1976)   Density: 52.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Shortland (Alu)    [951]
   Group: Shortland Islands   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 7.00º S   Long : 155.75º E
Area: 202.2 sq. km   Altitude: 237 m
Shoreline: 88.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4387
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 64
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic and raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Volcanic island with some raised coral; barrier reef with islets
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10
Fringing reefs, barrier reef and lagoon
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 29 1 1
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-amphibians: 4 frogs, 1 lizard, 4 geckos, 20 skinks including: Tribolonotus ponceleti (Scincidae) endemic, Indeterminate
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 2000    Density: 9.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 17/11/88

Tetepare     [944]
Group: New Georgia Group, Archipelago: Solomon Islands
Country: Solomon Islands: Pacific
Lat: 8.75º SLong: 157.55º E Region: Oceania 3
Area: 118.4 sq. km   Altitude: 420 m   Shoreline: 59.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral

Tinakula (Volcano)    [1428]
   Group: Archipelago: Santa Cruz Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 5
Lat: 10.47º S   Long : 165.67º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: 670 m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2150 km    Isolation Index: 72
ISLAND TYPE: active volcano      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions, cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2
Vegetated at base
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  active volcano
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 5   Moderate
Last updated: 18/11/88

Ulawa     [399]
   Group: Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 9.45º S   Long : 161.55º E
Area: 63.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1800 km    Isolation Index: 68
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, provincial headquarters
  Population: 1857 (1976)   Density: 29.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 04/12/88

Utupua     [1429]
   Group: Archipelago: Santa Cruz Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 5
Lat: 11.33º S   Long : 166.50º E
Area: 69.0 sq. km   Altitude: 380 m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2150 km    Isolation Index: 69
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Sunken fringing reef
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 300 (1976)   Density: 4.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 18/11/88

Vanguna     [955]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 8.60º S   Long : 158.00º E
Area: 509.0 sq. km   Altitude: 1082 m
Shoreline: 145.2 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2853
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1600 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Volcanic island with several cones, barrier reefs and lagoons with many small islets, extensive Marovo Lagoon between New Georgia and Vanguna, mostly 25 m deep, maximum 80 m.
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1951,1982), earthquakes (1939)
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15    Marine: 15
Rain forest; mangroves; estuaries; barrier and submerged barrier reefs, fringing reefs, lagoons (CRD)
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles-amphibians: 3 species of frogs
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, (pop. 5561 in Marovo Lagoon)
  Population: 0 (1976)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, subsistence fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Proposals for logging and mining projects; site of rural coastal zone management project
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: public support
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

Vanikolo (Vanikoro)    [949]
   Group: Archipelago: Santa Cruz Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 5
Lat: 11.60º S   Long : 166.85º E
Area: 173.2 sq. km   Altitude: 924 m
Shoreline: 72.6 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4192
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 200 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 2150 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: recent volcano      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5
Lowland Agathis macrophylla forest
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 1 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Mayrornis schistaceus (Small Slaty Flycatcher) endemic
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 267 (1976)   Density: 1.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 18/11/88

Vella Lavella (Mbilua)    [956]
   Group: New Georgia Group   Archipelago: Solomon Islands
   Country: Solomon Islands   Region: Oceania 3
Lat: 7.75º S   Long : 156.65º E
Area: 628.9 sq. km   Altitude: 808 m
Shoreline: 148.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.2361
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 25 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 1500 km    Isolation Index: 66
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, some raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 15    Marine: 10
Forests; narrow fringing reefs, wide reefs and lagoons to northwest, barrier reefs to northeast
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 3 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 11402 (1976)   Density: 18.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.7%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 45%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 629 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 12   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 17/11/88



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