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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Madagascar

Madagascar     [767]
   Group: Madagascar
   Country: Madagascar
Lat: 19.00º S   Long : 47.00º E
Area: 587713.3 sq. km   Altitude: 2876 m
  Island too large for adequate coverage in this directory
Shoreline: 5157.8 km (scale 1:7920000)   Coastal Index: 0.0088
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 370 km   group: 370 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 370 km    Isolation Index: 58
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet-dry  tropical  monsoonal, arid south
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:             Coral reefs,  Mangroves
   Percent of land: Forested: 6%  Developed: 0%  Degraded: 0%
   Annual forest change: 1.4%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 8000 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 383 364 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 6  Group: 5
    very high
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 11600000 (1989)   Density: 19.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.1%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: subsistence agriculture, rice, coffee,, livestock
  Habitat: villages and some cities   Urban Pop: 780000  Urban Indicator: 1
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 88%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 230 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 13   Moderate
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 14/07/90

Nosy Be (Nossi Be, Nose Be)    [766]
   Group: Madagascar
   Country: Madagascar
Lat: 13.30º S   Long : 48.25º E
Area: 290.3 sq. km   Altitude: 214 m
Shoreline: 116.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4013
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 550 km    Isolation Index: 44
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 88%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 279 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 7.4 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 22/10/90

Nosy Boraha (Sainte Marie)    [1220]
Group: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar: Indian
Lat: 16.83º SLong: 49.93º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Nosy Komba     [1200]
   Group: Madagascar
   Country: Madagascar
Lat: 13.47º S   Long : 48.36º E
Area: 27.9 sq. km   Altitude: 570 m
Shoreline: 19.9 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.7133
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 550 km    Isolation Index: 26
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 88%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 279 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 22/07/90

Nosy Mitsio     [1201]
Group: Madagascar
Country: Madagascar: Indian
Lat: 12.88º SLong: 48.60º E
Area: 29.7 sq. km   Altitude: 206 m   Shoreline: 43.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

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Page last updated: 02/03/98