UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Reunion (France)

Glorieuses   - Sea Area: 48359 sq.km    [1319]
   Group: Glorieuses
   Country: France - Glorieuses (claimed Madagascar)
Lat: 11.57º S   Long : 47.32º E
Area: 4.2 sq. km   Altitude: 20 m
Shoreline: 7.7 km (scale 1:150000)   Coastal Index: 1.8333
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 180 km   group: 180 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 700 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island on long reef      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Main island well vegetated with low forest/scrub; extensive fringing and barrier reef with windward-leeward exposure.
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, airstrip
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: airport
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 13/01/89

Reunion     [492]
   Group: Archipelago: Mascarene Archipelago
   Country: France - Reunion   Region: Mascarene Islands
Lat: 21.14º S   Long : 55.55º E
Area: 2535.2 sq. km   Altitude: 3069 m
Shoreline: 207.1 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.0817
Submerged area <100 m: 0 sq. km   Reef area: 12 sq. km   Lagoon area: 0 sq. km
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 150 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 1200 km    Isolation Index: 73
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Active volcano
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  wet summer, dry winter
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, volcanic eruptions, fires
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Forest (fragments), fringing coral reef.
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  720 176 86
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 0
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 4  Group: 0
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Active volcano Piton de la Fournaise 2631 m
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 664000 (1996)   Density: 261.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: sugar cane, subsistence agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Population 75% rural, growing 3.2%. Extensive sugar cane plantations on 51% of cultivated land. 3000 ha forest fire in 1988.
  Habitat:   Urban Pop: 80000  Urban Indicator: 1
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 13%   Human Threat Indicator: 0
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 2364 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 1
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 4   Area: Terrestrial: 0.8 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Grand Matarum nature reserve, Cirque de Cilaos (3.5 ha); Piton Bleu nature reserve, Cirque de Cilaos (4.25 ha); Mare Longue (St. Philippe) nature reserve (68.39 ha); Cap la Houssaye-Etang-Sale rotating marine reserve; all the lagoon is a fishing reserve.
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 7
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 30   Very high
CI-Marine: 3   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 01/02/98

Tromelin     [1591]
Group:
Country: France - Tromelin (claim by Madagascar): Indian
Lat: 15.85º SLong: 54.42º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Return to Island Directory Home Page
Return to Earthwatch Home Page

NOTE: For an explanation of each field, click on the colon (:)
Page last updated: 02/03/98