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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Cape Verde Islands

Boa Vista     [234]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 16.10º N   Long : 23.65º W
Area: 634.1 sq. km   Altitude: 390 m
Shoreline: 104.6 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.1650
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 56
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 7 0 2
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Brava     [1123]
Group: Sotavento, Ilhas do, Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
Country: Cape Verde Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 14.90º NLong: 24.70º W
Area: 66.6 sq. km   Altitude: 976 m   Shoreline: 34.7 km (scale 1:500000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Fogo   - including Brava    [233]
   Group: Sotavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 14.95º N   Long : 24.40º W
Area: 474.8 sq. km   Altitude: 2829 m
Shoreline: 79.8 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.1681
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, sandstorms
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 9 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Maio     [231]
   Group: Sotavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 15.30º N   Long : 23.20º W
Area: 279.0 sq. km   Altitude: 436 m
Shoreline: 73.7 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.2642
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 54
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 4 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Raso (Razo)    [1479]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 16.65º N   Long : 24.63º W
Area: 7.0 sq. km   Altitude: 164 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 54
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Submarine volcanic island, flat and boulder-strewn, with high cliffs to north, 10 m cliffs to south, no surface water
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  125 mm
WATER BALANCE: periodic drought (17 years)
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought, sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 1
Sparse vegetation, fine grass and creeper Tribulus cistoides, rocky shores
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 3 0 1
Land birds 9 1 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles/Amphibians: Macroscincus coctei (Cape Verde Giant Skink) endemic to Raso and Branco, believed exploited to extinction, 1 individual possibly seen on Branco (1985) Mabuya stangeri, group endemic Tarentola delalandii gigas, endemic to Raso and Branco, may be full species no amphibians Birds: 9 breeding species of land birds, 1 endemic Alauda razae (Raso Lark) endemic, population fluctuates from 15-20 to 150- 200 (1981-1985), Endangered 5 breeding seabirds, exploited by fishermen Calonectris diomedea (Cory's Shearwater) several thousand pairs (1984) Mammals: none
SPECIES RICHNESS:
few
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
    1 bird
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  no rats

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: fishing, seabirds, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Seabirds and giant skink depleted by exploitation for food; some recent bird tours to see endemic lark
  Habitat: none   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: good    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 10   Moderate
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Johnson, Timothy H. 1989. Unpublished ICBP profiles of Atlantic islands.
Last updated: 15/09/90

Sal     [229]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 16.70º N   Long : 22.95º W
Area: 221.5 sq. km   Altitude: 406 m
Shoreline: 86.8 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.3919
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 40 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 56
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 7 0 2
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Accessibility: airport
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Santa Luzia     [1122]
Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do, Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
Country: Cape Verde Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 16.75º NLong: 24.75º W
Area: 36.7 sq. km   Altitude: 395 m   Shoreline: 32.6 km (scale 1:500000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Santo Antao     [235]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 17.05º N   Long : 25.10º W
Area: 787.3 sq. km   Altitude: 1979 m
Shoreline: 124.2 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.1578
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 4 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing, maize
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Sao Nicolau     [232]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 16.60º N   Long : 24.30º W
Area: 352.2 sq. km   Altitude: 1304 m
Shoreline: 122.4 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.3475
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 5 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Sao Tiago (Santiago)    [1893]
   Group: Ilhas do Sotavento   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 15.08º N   Long : 23.61º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 25 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 55
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  240 mm
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, since 1456, capital Praia
  Population: 100000    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 1.4%/yr   Increasing slowly
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Habitat: city   Urban Pop: 50000  Urban Indicator: 5
  Accessibility: airport
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

Sao Vicente   - including Santa Luzia    [230]
   Group: Barlavento, Ilhas do   Archipelago: Cape Verde Islands
   Country: Cape Verde Islands
Lat: 16.75º N   Long : 24.95º W
Area: 232.8 sq. km   Altitude: 743 m
Shoreline: 75.5 km (scale 1:500000)   Coastal Index: 0.3243
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 620 km
Nearest continent: Africa    Distance: 620 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: sandstorms, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 9 0 2
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, Mindelo
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: bananas, fishing
  Habitat:   Urban Pop: 40000  Urban Indicator: 0
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 350 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 09/07/89

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Page last updated: 02/03/98