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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)

Anegada     [1539]
   Group: Virgin Islands   Archipelago: Leeward Islands
   Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 18.75º N   Long : 64.33º W
Area: 38.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 38 km   group: 130 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 46
ISLAND TYPE: raised limestone, flat      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: dry  subtropical  <1200 mm rain, max. 30C
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 2
Cactus scrub, dry woodland (highly disturbed); saline lagoons, mangroves; fringing reefs and other coral reefs (largest in Lesser Antilles)   Coral reefs,  Mangroves
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 3 1
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles/amphibians: Cyclura pinguis (Rock Iguana) endemic, Endangered Typlops richardi catapontus (Anegada Worm Snake) endemic Dromicus portoricensis anegadae (Anegada Ground Snake) endemic
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
    3 reptiles
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  present present
  Horseshoe Reef; Flamingo Pond migratory bird site
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 4
  feral goats

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 169 (1980)   Density: 4.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Entensive vegetation disturbance, overfishing on reefs
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
proposed as a World Heritage site Flamingo Pond Bird Sanctuary
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 07/07/89

Beef     [1544]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.45º NLong: 64.52º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Cooper     [1547]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.38º NLong: 64.50º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Ginger     [1546]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.38º NLong: 64.47º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Great Camanoe     [1542]
   Group: Virgin Islands   Archipelago: Leeward Islands
   Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 18.48º N   Long : 64.53º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 118 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 41
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  subtropical  <1200 mm rain, max. 30C
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY: partial recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 20/01/89

Guana     [1545]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.48º NLong: 64.57º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Jost Van Dyke     [1541]
   Group: Virgin Islands   Archipelago: Leeward Islands
   Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 18.45º N   Long : 64.75º W
Area: 9.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 8 km   group: 75 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 40
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: dry  subtropical  <1200 mm rain, max. 30C
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
  Coral reefs
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0 (1980)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: tourism
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
DATA RELIABILITY: partial recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 07/07/89

Little Tobago     [1552]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.43º NLong: 64.83º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Norman     [1550]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.35º NLong: 64.65º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Peter     [1549]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.37º NLong: 64.63º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Salt     [1548]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.37º NLong: 64.52º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Scrub     [1543]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.47º NLong: 64.50º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Tobago (Great Tobago)    [1551]
Group: Virgin Islands, Archipelago: Leeward Islands
Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 18.47º NLong: 64.85º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly

Tortola     [1247]
   Group: Virgin Islands   Archipelago: Leeward Islands
   Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 18.45º N   Long : 64.62º W
Area: 50.4 sq. km   Altitude: 521 m
Shoreline: 59.9 km (scale 1:313000)   Coastal Index: 1.1885
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 80 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 850 km    Isolation Index: 40
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Hilly volcanic island
CLIMATE: dry  subtropical  max 30C, <1200 mm
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 2
Remnants of evergreen forest on Sage Mountain; salt ponds, mangroves; coral reefs   Forest  Coral reefs,  Mangroves
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 1
Butterflies 8 0 8
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 1 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 3 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: Sida eggersi (tree) group endemic, few remaining Invertebrates: 8 threatened butterflies Reptiles/amphibians: Eleutherodactylus schwartzi (frog) group? endemic Anolis ernestwilliamsi, endemic only on Carrot Rock Mammals: 3 bats
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 0
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  occur occur
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 4
  feral goats

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 9322 (1980)   Density: 185.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: tourism, construction,, services and finance
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Vegetation extensively degraded, only 4 of 20 mangrove areas relatively natural; tourism development threatens salt ponds
  Accessibility: port,
Conservation support: government and public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Sage Mountain National Park
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 07/07/89

Virgin Gorda     [1540]
   Group: Virgin Islands   Archipelago: Leeward Islands
   Country: United Kingdom - British Virgin Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 18.48º N   Long : 64.40º W
Area: 21.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 125 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 43
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic, hilly      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: dry  subtropical  <1200 mm rain, max. 30C
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Small forest fragments, degraded vegetation; salt ponds, mangroves; coral reefs   Forest  Coral reefs,  Mangroves
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 2 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: Sida eggersi (tree) group endemic Reptiles/amphibians: Typlops richardi naugus (Virgin Gorda Worm Snake) endemic Sphaerodactylus parthenopion (Virgin Gorda Gecko) endemic, world's smallest reptile
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 4
  feral goats and livestock

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1443 (1980)   Density: 68.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: tourism, construction
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: airport
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Gorda Peak National Park
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 07/07/89

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Page last updated: 02/03/98