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ISLAND DIRECTORY


Islands of Colombia

Gorgona     [1829]
   Group:
   Country: Colombia
Lat: 3.00º N   Long : 78.32º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 100 m
Nearest island: 56 km   group: 56 km
Nearest continent: South America    Distance: 56 km    Isolation Index: 22
ISLAND TYPE: continental/volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: wet  tropical  rainfall 6500 mm/yr
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Unique coastal forest; coral reefs dominated by Pocillopora   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 18/03/89

Malpelo, Isla de     [1675]
Group:
Country: Colombia - Isla de Malpelo: Pacific
Lat: 4.00º NLong: 81.58º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Providencia (Isla de)     [1485]
Group:
Country: Colombia - Colombian Islands: Atlantic
Lat: 13.4º NLong: 81.4º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

San Andres   - including Sucre, Caroloba, Cotton, Rocky   [1480]
   Group:
   Country: Colombia - Colombian Islands   Region: Caribbean Sea
Lat: 12.6º N   Long : 81.7º W
Area: 44.0 sq. km   Altitude: 100 m
Depth to nearest land: 1000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 80 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 180 km    Isolation Index: 27
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Raised coral and limestone island 12 by 3 km, mostly of Tertiary and Pleistocene reef and lagoon deposits
CLIMATE: wet  tropical  1750 mm
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 1
Scattered remaining patches of native trees to 20 m high, coconuts, scrub in overgrown pastures, mangroves; fringing, patch and barrier reefs and lagoon   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  0 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 5 2 5
Land birds 0 2 1
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles/amphibians: 4 reptiles, 1 amphibian, 2 endemic Anolis concolor, endemic, San Andres and Haines Cay Coniophanes andresensis (snake) endemic Birds: Mimus magnirostris* (San Andres Mockingbird) endemic Vireo caribaeus* (San Andres Vireo) endemic, threatened Fishes: Gambusia aestiputens, endemic, in swamps
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 1
    2 reptiles,2 birds, 1 fish
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  some seabirds breed, turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 50000 (1984)   Density: 1136 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 1.3%/yr   Increasing slowly
  Major Human Activities: tourism, coconuts,, fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 26%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 1208 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 1
DATA RELIABILITY: partial    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 39
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 2   Low
REFERENCES:
Johnson, Timothy H. 1988. Biodiversity and conservation in the Caribbean: profiles of selected islands. ICBP Monograph No. 1. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge. 144 p.
Last updated: 16/07/89

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Page last updated: 02/03/98